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Analysis of fleet cost control

by:CNS     2021-07-13
Fleet cost control analysis 2021-06-20 15:58:28 The fleet cost control analysis discussed in this article is carried out from three aspects. 1. Analysis of the content of fleet cost control There are two types of cost control content of the fleet: ① When the airline is making investment decisions, analyze whether it needs to add aircraft, if necessary, what type of aircraft to add, and how much each model is. Is the way to buy or lease? Do you need to build or purchase an office building after the purchase? How large is the hangar? How many high-priced turnover parts and aviation materials need to be introduced for storage and other issues; ② During the operation process, control the route Choice and frequency of flights. The ultimate cost control of the fleet is from the three aspects of route, flight, and model. 2. Comprehensive analysis of fleet cost control The so-called comprehensive analysis refers to the analysis from the aspects of operating cost, purchase cost, cost of each aircraft and decision-making. (1) Aircraft operating cost analysis. Aircraft operating cost analysis refers to the analysis of aircraft fuel, take-off and landing fees, navigation fees, ground operation fees, aircraft maintenance fees, engine maintenance fees, cabin personnel fees, cockpit personnel fees, and other costs related to aircraft operations. The method used is calculated based on the company's scale and the proportion or weight of various costs in operating costs. The data required for calculation is the result of the company's past experience, and some expenses are fixed and easy to calculate. (2) Analysis of fleet revenue. Revenue analysis refers to the analysis of revenue, residual value, price fluctuations, etc., and fleet revenue analysis refers to the revenue generated by aircraft investment and operation after the fleet planning is completed. (3) Analysis of the cost of standby machine. Mainly by directly selecting the required engine, or according to the rate of entry into the workshop and the number of days in the workshop including the transportation time, the analysis of each engine is carried out. The subsequent addition of each aircraft for analysis. (4) Analysis of aircraft purchase. Purchase cost analysis refers to the analysis from the total price of the aircraft, the total price of the installed engines, credit, dong install, the equipment provided by the buyer, the price rise, and the financing method. (5) Analysis of fleet decision-making. Decision analysis is the most critical step that airlines need to do before formal operations. Whether an airline can operate normally with a certain economic benefit, the key lies in whether there is a scientific decision. Decision analysis includes: the comparison of revenue and cost, the comparison of seat cost and flight cost, the comparison between the load factor of the balance point and the actual completed load factor. When making decision analysis, whether in cash flow or net present value, we must first analyze all of the company's fleet, then the existing fleet, and finally analyze the new aircraft to ensure that it is in line with the company. The overall fleet is reasonably matched. Fleet cost control is a very critical and important step, which is related to the rise and fall of airlines. This step must be done well in order to achieve higher economic benefits.
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