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Basic functions of railway logistics

by:CNS     2021-07-04
The basic functions of railway logistics 2021-06-20 08:33:301. The function of cargo transportation is one of the basic functions of modern railway logistics. Guangzhou to Pingdingshan logistics company in order to meet the customer's requirements for transportation methods and transportation time, railway logistics should use existing facilities to set up various (railroad lines, trains, etc.) or through leasing/purchasing transportation tools of a certain scale to organize transportation operations. The goods will be delivered to the destination with high quality and low price within the required time. 2. Goods packaging and packaging refers to the use of appropriate materials, items and technologies in the logistics process to maintain product safety and facilitate the movement of commodities. It is usually divided into transportation packaging and sales packaging. The packaging function of railway logistics is mainly to improve operation efficiency and reduce cargo damage during loading and unloading and transportation. It is mainly to assemble, combine and strengthen sales packaging to form a combined packaging unit suitable for transportation and distribution operations. . 3. Warehousing function Warehousing is the central link in the logistics process, using warehousing equipment to efficiently plan, organize, control and coordinate commodities, so as to ensure the use value of commodities and meet market demand in a timely manner. Warehousing can overcome the time difference between production and consumption of goods, thereby maintaining the use value of goods and meeting market demands. Due to the strong transportation capacity of railways, most of the goods transported by railways usually have the characteristics of various types and large batches. Therefore, the railway logistics center should have a strong storage capacity to provide storage services for arrival and transit goods. In addition, the storage functions of railway logistics are diversified, involving multiple methods such as container, bulk cargo storage and warehouse storage. 4. Circulation processing Circulation processing is an important supporting logistics service function provided in the process of railway commodity circulation to better adapt to changes in sales market demand and terminal consumption needs, save transportation resources, improve logistics operation efficiency, and reduce material loss . Railway logistics should have various basic processing functions, including the assembly of parts and components, the labeling of goods, and the division of materials. In order to adapt to the changes in the demand of the sales market, railway logistics can cooperate with fixed manufacturers or distributors for a long time to complete some processing operations for them, such as barcode generation, labeling, cutting and cutting materials, assembling parts and assembling containers, etc. operation. 5. Distribution function The distribution function of railway logistics refers to organizing transportation methods and transportation routes, arranging freight plans, selecting carriers for customers and determining stowage methods for customers according to the diversified needs of customers, and delivering the specified goods accurately within the specified time To achieve 'door-to-door' service. The distribution operation has two aspects in the operation process of the railway logistics center: ①The goods that have arrived at the destination station are delivered according to the waybill of the consignor when the consignment; ②The goods that need to be transported are carried out according to the needs of the customers. Pick-up service. Generally speaking, for large enterprises, their cargo transportation mainly relies on special railway lines. The use of special railway lines for the distribution of goods is an extension of the traditional railway logistics distribution model, and is the advantage and characteristic of the railway logistics center. There are three forms of transportation and distribution methods at both ends of railway transportation: ①Using a distribution mode that combines special railway lines with other transportation methods; ②Using special railway lines of large enterprises to directly provide distribution services; ③Using road transportation or Other modes of transportation carry out transportation other than railway, and achieve 'door-to-door' delivery services. 6. Loading, unloading and handling function Loading, unloading and handling function refers to the operation activities carried out to change the storage state and spatial location of goods within the same geographical area. Specifically, it is to move the goods vertically or horizontally, and to change the operation activities of their support methods. The loading, unloading and handling function is one of the necessary functions of railway logistics. Due to the limitation of the loading and unloading capacity of railway nodes, the loading, unloading and handling on points often becomes the 'bottleneck' of the entire logistics activities. Therefore, in order to speed up the circulation of goods in the railway logistics and improve the overall logistics operation efficiency, the Guangzhou to Zhumadian logistics company should adjust and transform the loading and unloading lines of the existing freight stations, and equip them with specialized loading, unloading, stacking and unloading. Warehouses and other loading, unloading and handling machinery, rationally design loading and unloading and handling processes to improve work efficiency; at the same time, brutal loading and unloading should be avoided to reduce the rate of cargo damage in the process of loading and unloading. 7. Multimodal transport function Multimodal transport refers to the transportation of goods to the destination via two or more modes of transportation. The multimodal transport operator divides the entire transportation of the goods into several transportation sections, and the carrier in each section separately completes the 'door-to-door' of the goods through one consignment, one document, one billing, and one insurance. Through the whole transportation, the goal of minimizing transportation cost is finally achieved. Railway logistics is mainly based on railway transportation, and at the same time, it actively develops multimodal transportation functions, mainly including combined transportation methods related to railway transportation such as road-rail combined transportation and sea-rail combined transportation. By increasing the multimodal transport function, we can better provide customers with convenience, realize the logistics 'integrated' service, and also increase the competitiveness of railway logistics. 8. Information processing function When developing railway logistics, the information processing system of the existing freight station should be used rationally, combined with the various logistics information needed for the development of modern logistics services, to build a railway logistics information system. By collecting, transmitting, analyzing, and sending various logistics information, it provides cargo owners with logistics operation details and consulting information. At present, railway freight can only provide rough tracking information of the car, and customers cannot know the status information of the goods at the site. It cannot be shared in different departments. The development of railway logistics needs to increase the service function of the information system. It should realize information sharing with upstream and downstream enterprises in the supply chain, so as to improve the efficiency of railway logistics and realize the systematic and integrated management of the whole logistics activities.
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