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Basic knowledge of container freight (1) CNS Logistics

by:CNS     2021-04-19
Basic knowledge of container freight (1): 2018-07-12 12:03:00 1. Container (container) 1. The so-called container refers to a large-scale cargo container with a certain strength, rigidity and specification for turnover. Using containers to transfer goods can be directly loaded in the consignor’s warehouse and transported to the consignee’s warehouse for unloading. There is no need to take the goods out of the container for reloading when changing vehicles or ships in the middle. According to the type of goods loaded, there are general cargo containers, bulk containers, liquid cargo containers, reefer containers, etc.; according to manufacturing materials, there are wooden containers, steel containers, aluminum alloy containers, glass fiber reinforced plastic containers, stainless steel containers, etc.; according to structure , There are foldable containers, fixed containers, etc., fixed containers can also be divided into closed containers, open top containers, slab containers, etc.; according to the total weight, there are 30 tons of containers, 20 tons of containers, 10 tons of containers, 5 Tons of containers, 2.5 tons of containers, etc. 2. Types of containers (also known as containers): (1) According to specifications and sizes: At present, the commonly used dry containers (DRYCONTAINER) in the world are: external dimensions of 20 feet X 8 feet X 8 feet 6 inches, referred to as 20 feet container; 40 feet X 8 feet X 8 feet 6 inches, referred to as 40 feet containers; and 40 feet X 8 feet X 9 feet 6 inches, referred to as 40 feet tall containers, which are more frequently used in recent years. 20-foot container: The internal volume is 5.69 meters X 2.13 meters X 2.18 meters, the gross weight of the distribution is generally 17.5 tons, and the volume is 24-26 cubic meters. The 40-foot container: the internal volume is 11.8 meters X 2.13 meters X 2.18 Meters, the gross weight of the distribution is generally 22 tons, and the volume is 54 cubic meters. The 40-foot high cabinet: the internal volume is 11.8 meters X 2.13 meters X 2.72 meters. The gross weight of the distribution is generally 22 tons, and the volume is 68 cubic meters. 45 Foot height cabinet: The internal volume is: 13.58 meters X2.34 meters X 2.71 meters, the gross weight of the distribution is generally 29 tons, and the volume is 86 cubic meters. 20-foot open top cabinet: The internal volume is 5.89 meters X 2.32 meters X2. 31 meters, with a gross weight of 20 tons and a volume of 31.5 cubic meters. A 40-foot open top container: an internal volume of 12.01 meters X 2.33 meters X 2.15 meters, a gross weight of 30.4 tons, and a volume of 65 cubic meters. 20 feet flat-bottom container: The internal volume is 5.85 meters X 2.23 meters X 2.15 meters, the distribution gross weight is 23 tons, and the volume is 28 cubic meters. 40-foot flat-bottom container: the internal volume 12.05 meters X 2.12 meters X 1.96 meters, the distribution gross weight is 36 tons, and the volume is 50 Cubic meters. (2) According to the material of the container: aluminum alloy container, steel plate container, fiberboard container, fiberglass container. (3) According to the purpose: dry container; reefer container (REEFER CONTAINER); clothing container (DRESS HANGER) CONTAINER); OPENTOP CONTAINER; FLAT RACK CONTAINER; TANK CONTAINER. 3. Relations of container transportation: Mainly include: NVOCC, actual container carrier, container leasing Companies, container yards and container freight stations, etc. (1) Non-vessel operators (NON-VESSEL OPERATING COMMON CARRIER: NVOCC): They specialize in collecting freight, loading and unpacking, inland transportation and operating transfer stations Or inland station business, it may or may not have the actual means of transportation. For the real cargo owner, he is the carrier, but for the actual carrier, he is the shipper. Usually, the NVOCC should be subject to the country where the carrier is located. Restricted by law and registered with relevant government departments. (2) ACTUAL CARRIER: A carrier who masters the means of transportation and participates in container transportation. Usually has a large number of containers to facilitate the turnover, allocation, management of containers, and containers and vehicles (3) CONTAINER LEASING COMPANY: a new industry that specializes in container rental business. (4) Container YARD (CONTAINER YARD: CY): refers to the handling, transshipment, and storage of heavy or empty containers, Place of handover. (5) Container freight station (CONTAINER FREIGHT STAT) ION: CFS): It is the place where LCL cargo is handled. It handles the handover of LCL cargo. After stowage and stowage, the box is sent to CY, and the imported cargo box delivered by CY is accepted for unpacking and tallying. Custody, and finally allocated to each consignee. At the same time, it can also perform lead sealing and issuing station receipts as entrusted by the carrier.
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