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Basic knowledge of container freight (2) CNS Logistics

by:CNS     2021-04-19
Basic knowledge of container freight (2): 2018-07-13 16:53:00 2. Container\\\'s overall external dimensions (container\\\'s overall external dimensions) The maximum length, width, High size. It is the main parameter to determine whether the container can be exchanged between ships, chassis cars, trucks, and railway vehicles. It is an important technical information that each transportation department must master. 3. Container's internal dimensions (container\\\'s internal dimensions) The maximum length, width, and height dimensions inside the container. The height is the distance from the bottom surface of the box to the bottom of the top plate, the width is the distance between the two inner liners, and the length is the distance between the inner panel of the door and the inner liner of the end wall. It determines the internal volume of the container and the maximum size of the cargo in the container. 4. The container's unobstructed capacity (container\\\'s unobstructed capacity) is the loading volume calculated according to the internal dimensions of the container. Containers of the same specification have slightly different internal volumes due to differences in structure and manufacturing materials. The internal volume of the container is an important technical information that must be mastered by the material department or other packers. 5. Container calculation unit (twenty-feet equivalent units abbreviation: TEU), also known as 20-foot conversion unit, is the conversion unit for calculating the number of containers. At present, most of the container transportation in various countries uses two kinds of 20-foot and 40-foot long containers. In order to unify the calculation of the number of containers, the 20-foot container is used as one calculation unit and the 40-foot container is used as two calculation units to facilitate the unified calculation of the operating volume of the container. 6. Container leasing is a business in which the owner leases empty containers to the user. The owner of the container is the party to the lease of the container, and the user, generally the shipping company or the owner of the container, is the party to the lease, and both parties sign a lease contract. Qualified containers provided by the lessor are handed over to the lessee for use within the agreed scope. There are many different methods of container leasing in the world, which can be summarized as: voyage charter, time charter, current charter, and air zone leasing. 7. Container terminal (container terminal) is the specific handling department for container or cargo handling, exchange and storage in container transportation. It is entrusted by the carrier or its agent to carry out the following services: Exchange and custody of FCL freight; If there is a container freight station, handle the handover of LCL cargo; Arrange the berthing of container ships and load and unload containers Compile loading plans for each voyage; handle the compilation and signing of relevant shipping documents; compile and sign the relevant documents for the entry and exit and circulation of containers using vehicles; handle the inspection and maintenance of containers, vehicles, and loading and unloading tools, as well as empty containers Cleaning, fumigation, etc.; receiving and dispatching, storage and custody of empty containers; arranging the stacking of empty and heavy containers in the yard, and preparing the site distribution plan; other related business work. The container loading and unloading area is generally composed of dedicated docks, frontiers, storage yards, freight stations, command towers, repair departments, gates and offices. Sometimes the storage yard or freight station can be extended to the transfer station within 5-15 kilometers of the urban area.
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