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Basic knowledge of container freight (4) CNS Logistics

by:CNS     2021-04-19
Basic knowledge of container freight (4): 2018-07-16 09:21:00 14. Limits of Liability (Limits of Liability) The maximum amount of compensation that the carrier should bear for cargo damage and difference in container transportation. The limitation of liability for LCL cargo is the same as that of traditional transportation. Compensation for FCL is based on some current international jurisprudence: if the number of pieces of goods in the box is not listed on the bill of lading, each box is used as a calculation unit for compensation; if the number of pieces in the box is listed on the bill of lading, the number of pieces is still Calculation; if the damage or loss of the goods does not belong to sea transportation, but occurs in inland transportation, the maximum compensation for land transportation shall be handled; if the container is owned or provided by the shipper, in case of loss or damage, The responsibility is indeed the carrier's responsibility, and it should also be regarded as a claim calculation unit. 15. Uniform liability system (uniform liability system) A system of liability for damages to goods by a combined transport operator. According to this system, the carrier who issues the through bill of lading shall be responsible for the entire transportation process to the owner of the cargo, that is, regardless of which stage of transportation the cargo damages and differences occur, they are all responsible for the same content of responsibility. If the stage of transportation where the damage occurred can be found out, the intermodal carrier can recover the compensation from the actual carrier of the section of transportation after compensation. XVI. Network liability system (network liability system) XVII. Container rules of freight conference (container rules of freight conference) A liability system for the liability of intermodal operators for cargo damage. According to this system, the carrier who issues the intermodal bill of lading Although the cargo is still responsible for the entire transportation, compensation for damage is not the same as the same liability system, but is based on the liability content of the transportation stage when the damage occurs. For example, if the damage occurs in the sea transportation stage, it will be handled in accordance with the international freight rules. ; If it occurs in the stage of railway or road transportation, it will be dealt with in accordance with relevant international or domestic laws. On the all-container shipping routes of capitalist countries, in order to monopolize the container transportation on their own routes, various shipping associations have formulated their own Container transportation rules. These rules are formulated by the associations based on the route conditions within the operation scope of the association. Therefore, the contents of the rules of the associations are different, but the basic spirit is the same, that is, the responsibilities of the cargo and the cargo are the same. The content of the rules generally includes the following aspects: (1) Container loading and unloading ports, collection and distribution transportation. (2) Explanation of special terms for container transportation. (3) Responsibilities of the cargo and the ship in various modes of transportation. (4) Booking procedures and freight information (5) Various terms include bill of lading, additional batch terms, port terms and accident terms. (6) Bill of lading issuance. (7) Equipment handover procedures, free time and demurrage calculation and collection. (8) Delivery procedures (9) Freight calculation method and payment. (10) Various fee items calculation methods and rate change regulations. (11) Currency system, depreciation, and value-added regulations. (12) Inland transportation regulations and charges. [page]
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