Divided according to whether the goods shipment (
On board bill of lading (
Refers to the whole ticket all the goods have been loaded into the ship, or installed on the deck deck after the bill of lading issued by the carrier personnel.
The bill of lading is the basis, by to pick up the goods by the buyer in order to ensure that can pick up the goods at the destination, generally require the seller to provide the shipment bill of lading, to certify that the goods have been shipped.
At the same time, the use of division of responsibilities between the buyer and seller of bills of lading are beneficial, in particular, under the condition of FOB, CIF, CFR price, loading the goods is the carrier & other;
Hook to hook & throughout;
Responsibility as the starting point, if the carrier found problems in the process of shipment, can add a notation on the bill of lading to modify the content of the shipper to declare the goods, only the surface condition of the goods is consistent with the declaration of the shipper, the carrier had marked & other
Shipment on & throughout;
Sentences, therefore, & other;
Shipment on & throughout;
Is the sign of the seller's delivery in accordance with the contract.
After loading the goods, the carrier responsible for the goods described on the bill of lading, is responsible for loss and damage in transport of the goods, and for the buyer, to reduce the risk of the goods.
Therefore, both sides are willing to in the l/c specified in the bill of lading on board.
Due to the l/c in general are required to provide on board b/l, the bank is the only show that the cargo has been shipped, or the name of the vessel indicated by pre-printed bill of lading.
Said the goods are loaded on board ships or indicated by pre-printed there are two kinds of methods.
One is by the bill of lading & printed on the other;
The cargo has been loading & throughout;
Or & other
Cargo vessel & indicated by pre-printed throughout;
These words said.
In this case, the bill of lading out day is the day of shipment or delivery day.
Another is by the bill of lading and add words prove that shipment indicated by pre-printed ships.
Notation must show the date of the cargo has been shipped, the date is delivery date.
If the bill of lading show & other;
Intended vessel & throughout;
, that is, the goods may be loaded on the ship, on board notation on the bill of lading except to show that the goods are loaded on board, also what goods actually has to the name of the ship.
If the cargo is actually on the ship is expected to ship, also can't avoid this.
The goods loaded on the ship, can be divided into on deck (
The deck, the loaded on deck)
With the chamber (
Under the deck, the loaded under deck)
If carrying on deck in the bill of lading, the loaded on deck or stowed on deck notation, such as the bill of lading are called deck cargo of bill of lading (
, which indicates the cargo on deck.
Generally the consignee don't like the goods on deck, because of the goods on deck vulnerable to rain water, or into the sea of medium loss, have bigger risk than under deck cargo, adverse to the buyer.
Unless the consignor, agreed to, the carrier will not belong to the deck cargo (
General cargo loaded on deck, so that damage to or loss, must be liable for compensation.
If the bill of lading contains the notation, said the loading has been agreed by the shipper.
According to the provisong of article 31, the bank will not accept this kind of endorsed bill of lading.
Due to the nature of the goods itself, for example, the dangerous goods, or the goods volume is too big, such as the whole of heavy vehicles, must be loaded on deck, or according to the general commercial habits can not loaded under deck, such as logs, the l/c should include & other;
Or similar wording, special terms, that is to say, must have a special authorization letter of credit.
However, according to the shipping practice, even if no rules transportation terms, the carrier shall have the right to load the goods on deck, as long as he is responsible for the loss of the goods.
To illustrate his rights, the bill of lading terms tend to have the carrier shall have the right to the goods in the content of the armor plate.
This bill of lading is not a deck cargo of bill of lading.
If the bill of lading just shows that goods can be loaded deck (
And did not explicitly indicate the has been shipped or will plates (
, the bank can accept that.