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Characteristics of aviation logistics

by:CNS     2021-07-09
The characteristics of aviation logistics 2021-06-20 13:51:02 The obvious technical and economic characteristics of aviation logistics can be summarized by the following points. 1. Express aviation logistics uses airplanes as the main means of transporting goods. Its biggest feature is its high speed. For example, modern jet airplanes have a speed of about 500KM/H. In modern society, market competition is fierce. For goods with long transportation distances or high time requirements, the speed of air logistics can shorten the inventory period and turnover period of goods, and speed up the flow of funds is to enhance its market competition. Effective means of force. Fresh, perishable and seasonal goods, such as food, fruit, newspapers and magazines, fashion, etc., are of special nature and extremely sensitive to time. The use of aviation logistics can gain time, which is conducive to the preservation of goods and the opportunity to seize the market. This is an advantage that other logistics branches do not have. 2. Efficient 'aviation-style service' has almost become synonymous with high-standard services, and the efficiency of aviation logistics is reflected in many aspects. For example, in terms of ensuring the safety of goods, compared with other modes of transportation, the management system of air transportation is stricter and more complete, and the transportation procedures are simple, and there are fewer intermediate links in the transportation, and there are fewer chances of accidental losses during transportation. Many modern transport aircraft fly fast, operate fairly smoothly, and the damage rate of the goods is relatively low. In addition, aviation logistics is characterized by its high speed and global character, and it plays an important role in international logistics. 3. Good maneuverability. Air transportation is a service activity carried out by airplanes in a wide space. Compared with trains, cars or ships, they must follow winding railways, highways or waterways, and are much less strictly restricted by lines. In the two places, as long as there are airports and necessary communication and navigation facilities, routes can be opened, and flights can be scheduled or irregular. Especially for emergency tasks such as rescue and supply in disaster areas, and first aid in remote areas, aviation logistics has become indispensable. means. 4. Capital and technology-intensive aviation logistics is a type of capital and technology-intensive logistics services. The amount of investment required for aviation logistics is huge. Whether it is infrastructure construction or the import of equipment and technology, the opening of routes requires a lot of funds, and the fixed cost of aviation logistics is high, and its fixed cost accounts for the proportion of the total cost. It is much higher than other types of logistics, which means that there are certain entry and exit restrictions in aviation logistics. Aviation logistics also has high technical requirements, especially the advancement of science and technology, which puts forward higher requirements on the aviation logistics industry, such as computer booking systems, aviation safety inspection systems, aviation flight technology, etc., which have high technical barriers. . 5. High operating costs The commercial industry of aircraft is small, while aviation logistics is a capital and technology-intensive logistics, with large investment and high flight costs. Therefore, compared with other logistics methods, aviation logistics operation costs are high. At present, air logistics is only suitable for transporting goods, mail and baggage with a strong timeliness.
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