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Classification of sea freight

by:CNS     2021-07-12
Classification of seaborne goods 2021-06-20 11:33:20 Due to the wide variety of seaborne goods (international shipping also involves the import and export of goods), there are many classification methods. (1) Classified by physical form ① Bulk cargo. Bulk cargo refers to goods whose physical form is fine powder or granular during transportation, such as coal, mineral powder, grain, fertilizer, and cement; in large quantities of water transportation, bulk cargo transportation is usually used. . ②Liquid cargo. Liquid cargo refers to the cargo whose physical form is gas during transportation, which becomes liquid after compression, and is packed in containers for transportation, such as petroleum, petroleum products, liquefied natural gas, liquefied gas, etc. ③ Pieces of groceries. In the transportation process, regardless of the physical form, the goods that are packaged into bags, barrels, boxes, and bundles before being transported are called groceries. Among all ocean freight, although the proportion of general cargo is not particularly large, it is the most widely involved cargo. Almost all manufactured products, including most mechanical equipment, spare parts, standard parts, people's daily necessities (department stores), as well as agricultural products, fruits, livestock products, refrigerated food, refrigerated supplies, etc., in the transportation process, most Expressed as a 'piece of groceries' in a certain form of packaging. Simply put, in the course of transportation, all goods that need to be repackaged are called 'pieces of groceries'. (2) Classified according to the nature of the goods ①General goods. It refers to general goods whose nature has no special requirements. ②Special cargo. It means that the goods are special in nature, shape, volume and so on. There are special requirements in transportation and storage. They are generally divided into fresh and live goods, dangerous goods, bulky and large goods, valuable goods, and foreign-related goods. (3) Classified by cargo moisture content ①Dry cargo. It refers to goods that basically do not contain moisture or contain little moisture, and most packaged groceries fall into this category. ②Wet goods. It refers to bulk liquid cargo, such as liquid cargo in metal drums or plastic drums. (4) Classified by packaging ①Packed goods. It refers to the goods that are completely packaged by packaging materials and cannot be seen directly, such as cigarettes, biscuits, computers and other daily consumer goods. ②Nude loading. It means that the main parts of the goods themselves are packaged by packaging materials, while other parts are not packaged, or even the entire goods are not packaged. You can directly see the goods themselves, such as steel, generators, machine tools and other means of production goods. ③Bulk cargo. It refers to the goods that are in bulk without any packaging, such as bulk grains, coal, ore and other primary products. (5) Classified according to the number of pieces of goods ① pieces of general cargo. It means that each batch is small in quantity, has packaging, can be divided into pieces, and a single piece of light and small goods. ②Bulk goods. It refers to a large quantity of primary products with uniform specifications in each batch. Since it is mostly in bulk during transportation, it is also called bulk cargo. In English, both bulk cargo and bulk cargo are represented by Bulkcargo. (6) Classified according to the weight and volume of the cargo ①Heavy cargo. It refers to 1 metric ton of cargo whose volume is less than 1.133 cubic meters (ten cubic feet). ②Light goods. Or called light foam cargo, foam cargo and bulk cargo. It refers to 1 metric ton of cargo, the volume of which is greater than 1.133 cubic meters (our cubic feet) of cargo. The current ocean freight convention is based on 1 cubic meter as the calculation standard. When the volume of 1 metric ton of cargo is greater than 1 cubic meter, the freight is calculated according to the volume of the cargo, otherwise, the freight is charged according to the weight of the cargo. (7) Super-long cargo, over-heavy cargo and over-weight and super-long cargo are classified according to the cargo measurement. This means that their weight or length, or weight and volume at the same time, exceed the ship's weight and length limits. (8) Classified according to packing volume ① FCL cargo. It refers to the cargo that the shipper can consign to fill a container. Or there is less than one container, but the shipper requires the goods to be consigned in one container. ②LCL cargo. It refers to the cargo that the shipper's cargo is not enough to fill a container and needs to be assembled in the same container with the cargo of other shippers. 1272
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