Container freight common sense and the mode of transition
At present, the international container standard has three series, a total of 15 species.
The 15 kinds of containers, it is advisable to adopt what kind of specification, should be on the basis of the specific routes and the transport routes, sources and port condition to decide, because it's important for container transportation can be completed smoothly.
In general, the less freight routes, choose the specifications of the container shoulds not be too big.
, of course, there is apparent density of goods, such as light cast goods in import and export goods is more, it is advisable to use specifications larger container.
In addition, the decision to choose what kind of specifications of the container, should also consider the problem of cooperation with foreign shipping company, the owner.
Because, in carries on the international multimodal transport, container cargo is likely to exchange box, interoperability with foreign shipping company.
So, had better choose widely used container type in the world.
To develop international container multimodal transport, should be to practice the 'door to door' transportation for the principle.
Therefore, when choosing container transport, must pay attention to the inland transport conditions.
In order to adapt to the highway and railway transport conditions, less volume, poor transportation condition of countries and regions can be achieved 'door to door' transportation, 'lash box' transport method can be used.
Lash transport method refers to the size of the sub box should work closely with mother box size, large international standard containers can be used in maritime transport, and in the inland transportation, using small container transport, container transport development of these countries and regions such as mature and freight volume increases, and gradually perfect the 'door to door' transportation of large container.
In addition, some airlines often occurs due to the imbalance between two port supply, resulting in a large number of container transport of circular, which not only can reduce the economic benefits of container transportation, seriously will affect the development of container transportation.
In order to solve the problem of empty container back to luck, in some countries, the shipping company in the supply of goods is not balanced on routes using collapsible containers (
After folding the container, the volume is only 1/4 of rigid container, that is to say, after folding four container, overlap of international standard container for a fixed volume.
This method can greatly reduce the empty container back to the shipment of capacity loss.
When choosing the container, the main consideration, is according to different types, properties, shape, packing of the goods, size, weight, and shipping requirements, adopt the appropriate box.
Must first consider whether the cargo hold, and then consider whether economically reasonable, and the goods is in accordance with the requirements of transportation conditions.
The container before loading the goods, have to pass strict inspection.
Defective container, light cause damage, or in the process of transportation, loading and unloading box crash accident.
So, check for container is one of the basic conditions of the goods transportation safety.
The consignor, the carrier, the consignee, and other related parties in the mutual transition, in addition to the inspection on the box, should take the equipment interchange receipt status at the turn of the written confirmation box.
Often, the search for container inspection should be: 1.
External examination refers to six sides check box, outside to see if there is damage, deformation, crevasse strange situation, if any, that is to make repair parts.
Internal check is on the inside of the box to see six sides, if leakage, light-leaking, with or without stain, water, etc.
Check the door.
Check whether the door is in good condition, whether around the perimeter of watertight door, door lock is complete, can you repeat the door is open.
Clean check means there are no residues in the box, odor pollutants, corrosion, water wet.
Do not conform to the requirements, shall be clean, or change.
Inspection of accessory parts.
Affiliated examination refers to a container of reinforcing ring state, such as the pillar of the pallet container, flat container and open container upper extension structure inspection.