Container freight station in the business of import and export freight
The business of container freight stations in import and export freight 2021-06-20 14:16:13 Container freight stations are the product of container transportation. There are two types of container freight stations, one is an inland port type, and the other is a source of goods Distributed type. The container freight station is the place where the ship and cargo parties handle the handover of the loading and unpacking of LCL cargo. The carrier can only entrust one container freight station in a port or inland city, and it will handle the following business on behalf of the carrier: tally and handover of LCL cargo; if there is an abnormal appearance of the cargo, it will apply for endorsement; Packing and packing of container cargo; unpacking and storage of imported unpacked cargo; seal on behalf of the carrier and issue station receipt; handle various documents and preparations, etc.; prepare for delivery; issue delivery notice ; Pick up the heavy container from the dock yard; unpack the delivery; collect the relevant fees; make the delivery report and the undelivered report. (3) The business of container terminal yard in import and export freight. Container terminal yard operation refers to a series of operations centered on container loading and unloading. These operations are mainly completed by professional departments of container loading and unloading areas. The professional department of the container loading and unloading area is the specific handling department for container or cargo loading, unloading, exchange and storage. It is entrusted by the carrier or its agent to carry out the following businesses. 1) Exchange and custody of the whole container. 2) If there is a container freight station, handle the handover of LCL cargo. 3) Arrange for container ships to berth, load and unload containers, and prepare stowage plans for each voyage. 4) Handle the compiling and signing of relevant shipping documents. 5) Compile and sign the relevant documents for the entry, exit and circulation of the container using the means of transport. 6) Handle the inspection and maintenance of containers, vehicles, loading and unloading tools, as well as cleaning and fumigation of empty containers. 7) Receiving, storage and custody of empty boxes. 8) Arrange the stacking of empty containers and heavy containers in the yard, and prepare a site distribution plan. 9) Other related business work. The container loading and unloading area is generally composed of dedicated docks, frontiers, storage yards, freight stations, command towers, repair departments, gates and offices. Sometimes the storage yard or freight station can be extended to the transfer station of 5~15 kilometers in the urban area. The front container yard refers to the yard where containers are temporarily stacked in front of the container terminal to speed up the loading and unloading of ships. Its function is: when the container ship arrives at the port, export containers are stacked neatly and centrally according to the stowage requirements in a planned and orderly manner, and imported containers are temporarily stacked in front of the terminal during unloading to speed up the ship's loading and unloading operations. The yard behind the container is a place where heavy or empty containers are handed over, kept and stored. In some countries, container yards are not divided into front yards or rear yards, which are collectively referred to as yards. The container yard behind the container is an integral part of the container loading and unloading area. It is the place where the full container cargo is handled in the 'field-to-field' transfer mode of container transportation (actually, the transfer is performed at the 'gateway' of the container unloading area). The empty container yard is a place dedicated to the collection, storage, storage or handover of empty containers. It is specially set up when the container loading and unloading area or the transfer station yard is insufficient. This kind of storage yard does not handle heavy containers or cargo handover, and can be operated separately, or it can be set up outside the area by the container loading and unloading area. Some companies, operating such empty container yards, must declare to the shipping company. Transfer stations or inland stations, transfer stations or distribution centers for container transportation other than seaports, except that there is no special container ship loading and unloading operations, the rest are the same as the container loading and unloading area business. The number of transfer stations or inland stations includes the urban transfer stations of container loading and unloading ports, inland cities, and inland stations of inland river ports. (4) The business of the shipper and the consignee in import and export freight In international container transportation, the main business of the shipper in container export freight is: signing a trade contract, as the exporter, the consignor (seller) must Enter into a trade contract with a foreign consignee (buyer), because no matter which mode of transportation, it is established on the basis of trade; for stocking, the consignor prepares all the export goods before the shipping period stipulated in the contract; chartering The shipper is responsible for chartering and booking the space; customs declaration, LCL cargo is used to declare customs according to the ordinary method, and the FCL cargo is usually declared in a unified manner; the cargo is packed and consigned, after the customs declaration is completed, under the FCL freight The shipper can arrange the packing, and the LCL cargo will be transported to the container freight station after customs declaration. The freight station is responsible for packing and signing the station receipt; for insurance, the export goods are traded, and the shipper is responsible for handling the insurance procedures, and Payment of insurance premium; payment of freight and issuance of bills of lading; notification of shipment to the consignee.