Container: 'How much do you know me?': 2018-05-17 16:19:00 1. The main person involved in the container transportation system 1) CY (CntrYard) Container Yard Note: CY only refers to the yard in the cntr terminal , Do not refer to container yards in other places! 2) DR (Door) refers to the factory or W/H (warehouse warehouse) gate of Shipper or CNEE (consignee). Note: Some people write door as house. 3) CFS (Cntr Freight Station) container freight station is also called consolidated freight station or transfer station. Mainly for less than container cargo (LCL) service, it is the place where LCL handles the handover. Its main functions are: for export goods, receive the goods from the consignor, and assemble the goods in the same flow direction in the cabinet; for the imported cabinet, be responsible for dismantling the cabinet and delivering it to the consignee. Most of the CFS are located in the port or near the port area, and a few are located inland, called Inland Depot (Inland Depot). In addition to the above three, there are also liner companies (Liner, actually actual carrier), non-vessel carrier or translated as non-vessel operating common carrier (NVOCC u003d non-vessel operating common carrier), container leasing company (cntr leasing Co ), ocean shipping agency Co (ocean shipping agency Co), freight forwarding company (freight forwarder, forwarding agent), tallying company (tallying Co), Pu0026I, one customs and three inspections, road and rail carriers, etc. 2. Two transfer modes of container cargo 1) FCL (Full Cntr Load) is called full container cargo or container cargo. For FCL, Shipper's Load, Countu0026Seal (packed by the shipper (Stuffu003dvan), counted, sealed); after the container is shipped to the Destination (destination), the CNEE (consignee) will unpack the container The English is stripu003ddevan). Carrier's responsibility for container cargo (FCL): When the Ctnr is in good condition and the seal is intact, the container is received from the Shipper. After the destination, as long as the Ctnr is in good appearance and the seal is complete, it can be delivered to Consignee. As for whether the quantity of the goods in the cabinet is consistent with the documents, and the quality of the goods, Carrier has no idea. For this reason, the carrier usually prescribes 'I do not know the clauses' (ie STC clauses, STC is written as Said to Contain, which can be translated as 'said to contain, allegedly contained') or SLAC, SLCAS, SLCS clauses (SLAC u003d Shipper's Load And Count, which can be translated as 'packaged and counted by the shipperLoad, Count, Seal can be translated as 'packing, counting, and sealing by the shipper') It should be noted that the carrier has an 'unknown clause' in the bill of lading, which can protect its interests on the surface, but it protects The scope also has a certain limit. If the owner of the cargo can prove that the carrier knows the details of the cargo in the container and stipulates an unknown clause, the carrier still cannot be exempted from liability at this time. 2) LCL (Less than (one) Ctnr Load) is called LCL, LCL, and bulk cargo. Assemble the scattered cargo that is less than a full box into the same 20’ or 40’ cabinet (several Shippers’ cargoes are packed in one cabinet). Carrier is responsible for packing, counting, and sealing the LCL cabinet; after reaching the destination, Carrier is responsible for unpacking the cabinet and delivering the goods to several or one CNEE. When Carrier picks up the goods from Shipper, they will receive each item in good appearance. To the destination, each item must be in good appearance before it can be delivered. 3. Nine handover methods for container cargo: To understand these nine handover methods, master a simple method: a) Whenever you see CY or Door, you think of FCL; when you see CFS, you think of LCL, and vice versa. b) FCL at the origin: only one consignor; FCL at the destination: only one consignee. LCL at the origin: there are multiple consignors; LCL at the destination: there are multiple consignees. c) CFS: In or near the port. d) Correctly understand the two words 'handover': the implied subject is carrier, '接': from shipper to carrier; '交': from carrier to CNEE. e) Under the door-to-door transportation that Carrier is responsible for the entire journey, the transportation process is: Shipper's Door (Land Transport—by train or truck)→→Port of Loading (ocean transport)→→Port of Discharge(Land Transport)→ →Consignee's Door (Destination). f) Under traditional sea transportation (non-container transportation), it is a pure sea transportation method of port-to-port (CY-CY). Note: Among the above 9 handover methods, CY-CY, DR-DR, and CFS-CFS are the most common.