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Factors affecting transportation in logistics

by:CNS     2021-07-11
Factors that affect transportation in logistics 2021-06-20 12:54:04 The main factors that affect transportation in logistics are as follows: 1. Distance is directly related to transportation costs, especially variable costs, such as labor and fuel , Maintenance costs, etc. Regardless of the distance the goods are transported, there are fixed costs of receiving, distribution and administrative management. But for long-distance transportation, because of the highway, transportation fuel consumption and labor costs are lower. Therefore, the variable cost of transportation usually increases with the increase of distance, but the increasing speed shows a decreasing trend, which is called the principle of marginal decrease. 2. The economy of scale in load transportation exists in most transportation activities, and its connotation is that the transportation cost per load will decrease as the total load increases. The main reason for the decrease in unit cost is that fixed costs such as receiving, distribution and administrative management can be evenly shared by more deadweights. The cargo capacity is limited by the carrying capacity of the transportation vehicle. In terms of management, small cargo volumes should be combined into a cargo capacity that can be loaded into a chartered car as much as possible in order to exert the effect of transportation economies of scale. 3. Item density Item density refers to the mass size of an item per unit volume. Generally, the higher the density of the goods, the lower the unit transportation cost. As far as mass and volume are concerned, the volume limit of a vehicle is larger than that of mass (that is, when the vehicle is full of goods, it has not reached the upper limit of the carrying mass). Since the Guangzhou-Ningxia logistics line is limited by the volumetric capacity of transportation vehicles, the total mass of low-density items that can be carried by a vehicle must be less than that of high-density items. Therefore, relatively speaking, the unit transportation cost of low-density items will be more high. 4. Loadability Loadability refers to the shape and size of the product and its influence on the space utilization rate of loading into the transportation tool (truck, container, trailer, train compartment). Generally, regular-shaped products (such as squares, rectangles, drums, etc.) have better loadability, while irregular, long, or ultra-wide products have poorer loadability. Although some products have the same density, they have different loadability due to their different shapes and sizes. 5. Packing and handling items are often packed with suitable packaging (sealing, boxing, palletizing) and special handling equipment. The cost of packaging and handling must be included in the transportation cost. 6. Product liability Product liability includes the risk of loss and related compensation burdens that may be caused by the six product features. As long as the product is damaged or lost, it will increase the transportation cost of the shipper or shipper. In order to reduce the risk of the Guangzhou-Gansu logistics line, the shipper often insures the product, while the shipper uses better packaging or better safety measures to reduce the risk. The six product characteristics are: fragility, damage to other goods, perishability, fragility, explosiveness, and unit quality value. 7. Market factors Market factors refer to the impact of the freight volume and flow balance of the transportation route on transportation costs. A transportation route refers to the transportation and the volume of goods between the starting point and the ending point. Usually trucks and drivers must return to the starting point after delivering the goods from the starting point to the finishing point. At this time, if the return cargo cannot be contracted, the empty vehicle will return, and the transportation cost of the return journey will be borne by the original origin and destination outgoing cargo. When the starting point and ending point of the transportation route are equal in quantity, the transportation route is called a balanced route, and the transportation cost of the goods is the smallest. 981
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