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Freight forwarding knowledge

by:CNS     2021-07-07
Freight forwarding knowledge 2021-06-20 16:52:48 Freight forwarding is the abbreviation of freight forwarding. Usually refers to 'freight forwarder'. Freight forwarding refers to the general term for providing various transportation services for cargo transportation demand and transportation capacity suppliers in the field of circulation. They serve the whole society and serve as bridges and bonds between cargo owners and capacity providers. Freight forwarding, English as freightforwarding, 'is an intermediary, broker and transportation organizer between the owner and the carrier.' In China, international freight forwarding is a new industry, 'is between international trade and international cargo transportation. 'Co-production industry' or 'peripheral industry'.' Freight forwarders usually accept the entrustment of customers to complete a certain link of cargo transportation or various links related to this, directly or through freight forwarders and other agencies hired by him. For customer service, you can also use his overseas agents to provide services. According to the regulations of FIATA (International Federation of Freight Forwarders Association), the logistics line from Guangzhou to Aksu, freight forwarders have specialized knowledge, have their own network, according to the instructions of customers, and collect goods for the benefit of customers, ensuring safety, speed, and Transport goods economically and control the whole process of goods transportation. He is considered to be the organizer of international goods transportation. The “Regulations of the People’s Republic of China on the Administration of International Freight Forwarding Industry” approved by the State Council of the People’s Republic of China on June 6, 1995 and issued and implemented by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation on June 29. International freight forwarding refers to the recipients and consignees of import and export goods. Entrusted by the shipper in the name of the shipper or in his own name, it is an industry in which the shipper handles international cargo transportation and related businesses and receives remuneration. From an international perspective, there is no definition of the term 'freight forwarder' that is recognized by all countries. Freight forwarders have different names in different countries, such as 'customs agentIn some cases, as a 'primary carrierThe definition of the International Freight Forwarders Association is: according to the instructions of the customer, the person who solicits the goods for the benefit of the customer is not the carrier himself. Freight forwarders can also engage in activities related to the delivery contract based on these conditions, such as storage, customs declaration, acceptance, and payment collection. Because of its existence can save the consignor's financial resources and energy, and at the same time can bring more sources of goods for the carrier, therefore, it has long become an indispensable part of international trade and transportation. Article 2 of the 'Implementation Rules for the International Freight Forwarding Agency of the People's Republic of China' promulgated in 1998 further clarified that international freight forwarders can engage in business activities as agents or independent operators. International freight forwarding companies are engaged in international freight forwarding business as agents, which means that international freight forwarding companies accept the entrustment of the consignee, consignor or their agents of incoming and outgoing goods, and handle the relevant business in the name of the principal or themselves, and charge agency fees or The act of commission. International freight forwarding companies are engaged in international freight forwarding business as independent operators, which means that international freight forwarding companies accept the entrustment of the consignee, consignor or their agents of incoming and outgoing goods, issue transportation documents, perform transportation contracts, and charge freight and service fees. the behavior of. In the international freight market, the international freight forwarding industry is between the shipper and the carrier. It accepts the shipper’s entrustment to do chartering, booking, stowage, and preparation of relevant documents, customs declaration, inspection, insurance, container transportation, and unpacking. , Issuance of bills of lading, settlement of freight and miscellaneous expenses, settlement of foreign exchange, etc. These tasks have a wide range of connections and many links. They are relatively centralized handling, coordinating, coordinating, and straightening out the relatively complicated work of the international trade freight business, and enhancing their professionalism, technicality and policy. The formation of the international freight forwarding industry is The inevitable product of the process of international commodity circulation is an indispensable part of international trade. Because of this, the industry is recognized as the freight forwarder of international trading companies by countries all over the world. From the above, it can be seen that the freight forwarder may appear in two identities: one is as the agent of the customer (consignee or consignor); the other is as the party to the contract. The difference in the legal status of these two identities leads to huge differences in their rights, obligations and legal responsibilities. As an agent, freight forwarders only charge commissions, in fact they only provide agency services. The consequences of their legal actions are borne by the customers, and the risks arising from their business activities are relatively small. As a party to the contract, the freight forwarder charges the difference, but it is a party to the two contracts 'back-to-back'. The full performance of its obligations often depends on the other party (either the cargo owner or the actual carrier). Therefore, in this case Under the circumstances, freight forwarders have to face huge risks. Therefore, freight forwarders should be clear about their legal status and responsibilities in their business activities, and should strive to avoid risks or take measures to reduce these risks in accordance with the provisions of the law. 1193
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