Mode of Transformation from Existing Railway Freight Yards to Modern Logistics Centers
The model for the transformation of existing railway freight yards to modern logistics centers 2021-06-20 11:18:24 According to the current different types of railway freight stations under different classification standards, the transformation to modern logistics centers should be selected according to their different characteristics and status quo Different modes. 1. According to the geographical level of the main service area of u200bu200bthe freight station, Guangzhou to Jinhua logistics company. According to the different geographical levels of the main service area of u200bu200bthe freight station, the existing railway freight station can be transformed into a national logistics center, a regional logistics center and a regional logistics center. . (1) Development to a national logistics center. For cities located in some important ports, international cities, and border ports in the country, the scope of freight services is a national or even international railway comprehensive freight station or international transshipment station. Good location conditions and supply advantages, strong development in the region, complete transportation conditions and port location characteristics, and its freight business has an important strategic role in the exchange of materials in major cities across the country and the transportation of national foreign trade and military materials. Therefore, it is suitable for the development of an identical logistics center. Such a freight station has a large freight volume. Generally, it can handle a variety of cargo transportation types or multi-category freight operations and dedicated line operations, and has a larger freight yard to handle the delivery of various types of goods and containers. Based on the basic functions of the logistics center, value-added logistics services can be expanded. For the reloading station, it can expand the business of customs declaration and settlement of international goods, set up a bonded warehouse or customs office, cooperate with the customs, organize outbound logistics, reduce the burden of customs clearance, and become a distribution base for outbound materials and a transfer base for imported materials to meet the needs of goods. The need for transshipment can effectively promote the rapid development of international and domestic trade in the surrounding areas and promote the overall improvement of the local and surrounding regional economies. (2) Develop towards regional logistics centers. For railway freight stations that serve urban agglomerations or economic zones, have strong radiation capabilities and warehouse storage, and provide freight services to inter-provincial customers, they can meet the needs of production companies in the local and surrounding areas. And the needs of commercial systems, with strong freight capacity and relatively advanced and complete logistics infrastructure equipment, suitable for the development of regional logistics centers. Among them, for railway transit freight stations that mainly use temporary storage of goods or follow-up and follow-out as the main operation mode, and the loading and unloading operations are roughly the same, because the cargo has a short stop time at this type of freight station, the main reason is to realize the demand for scattered cargo transportation and the scale of trunk lines For the effective connection of transportation demand, this type of freight station is suitable for the development of regional logistics centers. (3) Development to regional logistics centers. For freight stations that are located in which the transportation location characteristics are not significant or the regional development strength is relatively weak, their freight business mainly serves cities and surrounding districts and counties. Such freight stations are small in scale. If its own facilities and equipment are not complete, it is suitable for the development of a city logistics center. It mainly completes the main business such as distribution and delivery of customers in the city and surrounding districts and counties, as well as auxiliary operations such as classification, packaging, storage, and warehouse management of related goods. The comprehensive freight station whose main business is the transportation of daily necessities and hardware can be developed as a sales-type logistics center; the freight station that handles coal, cement and building materials and other delivery services can be developed as a processing-type logistics center. Among them, railway unloading stations or comprehensive freight stations located near steel, petroleum and other industrial enterprises are mainly responsible for supplying raw materials to these steel and oil companies, so this type of freight station is suitable for the development of supply-oriented logistics centers. 2. According to the types of goods handled by the freight station and the division of service objects. According to the types of goods and service objects handled by the railway freight station, it can be transformed into a comprehensive logistics center and a professional logistics center. (1) The development of a comprehensive freight station toward a comprehensive logistics center is usually large in scale and has a wide range of business. The service targets include local factories, corporate agencies and urban residents. The modernization of freight yard facilities is relatively high, and it usually assumes 50% of the attraction area and its Railway traffic above. For this type of freight station, it is suitable to develop into a comprehensive logistics center with large-scale, complex, simplified and efficient logistics. Through the nationwide railway freight network, a network chain system is formed to carry out transportation, loading and unloading, storage, and circulation processing. , Packaging, and distribution as the main content of the integrated service. (2) Development to professional logistics centers. Professional freight stations usually only handle freight operations of a single type of transportation or a single category of goods, such as handling bulk goods such as coal, ore, oil, wood, and grain, or commodity vehicles, and dangerous goods. station. For this type of freight station, because it has complete facilities and strong professional technical management and operation capabilities in the fixed professional field, at the same time, Guangzhou to Zhoushan logistics company has a stable supply of goods in the professional field, so it is suitable for professional logistics Center development.