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Mode of transport

by:CNS     2021-07-06
Mode of transportation 2021-06-20 11:41:301. Road transportation Road transportation is a way of transporting goods on highways mainly using cars or other vehicles (such as human and animal vehicles). The scope of its services is mainly in two aspects: one is short-distance, small-batch freight; the other is long-distance and large-batch freight in areas difficult to reach by water and railway transportation. The main advantages of road transportation are: strong adaptability and can be used as a connection method for other modes of transportation; goods can be directly sent from the delivery place to the receiving place, and the door-to-door one-stop service is implemented; it is suitable for short-distance transportation and short-distance transportation Low cost; easy to load and unload. The shortcomings of road transportation are: it is not suitable for mass transportation. The economic radius of road transportation is generally within ⒛0 kilometers; it consumes a lot of energy; the freight for long-distance transportation is relatively expensive; it is easy to pollute the environment and cause accidents. 2. Railway transportation Railway transportation is a mode of transportation that uses railway carts to transport goods. Railway transportation is mainly responsible for long-distance and large-volume freight. In areas without water transportation, almost all large-volume goods rely on railways. It is the main form of transportation in trunk transportation. The advantages of railway transportation are: fast speed; transportation is not restricted by natural conditions, stable and safe; large carrying capacity; can be operated as planned; medium and long-distance transportation and freight are low, and transportation costs are low; the network is all over the country and can be shipped to various places; Energy saving and low environmental pollution. The main disadvantages are: poor flexibility, transportation can only be realized on fixed lines, and other transportation means are required to cooperate and connect; there is no self-operated freight dedicated line, the number of vehicles cannot be modified at will to increase traffic, and door-to-door services cannot be adopted; the unloading station facilities are endless. In each case, it takes time for trucks to be assembled and transitioned, and the cargo stays for a long time; the station is fixed and cannot be stopped everywhere, which is not suitable for emergency transportation; the freight is lack of flexibility, short-distance freight, and the freight is expensive. 3. Water transportation Water transportation is a transportation method that uses ships to transport passengers and cargo. It mainly undertakes large quantity and long-distance transportation, and it is a form of transportation that plays a major role in trunk transportation. In inland rivers and coastal areas, water transportation is often used as a small means of transportation to supplement and connect large-volume trunk transportation. Water transportation has the following four forms: (1) Inland water transportation. It is a way of using ships to transport on land, such as rivers, lakes, rivers and other waterways, mainly using medium and small ships. (2) Offshore transportation. It is a form of transportation that uses ships to transport passengers and goods through the sea lanes of countries adjacent to the mainland. Depending on the voyage, medium-sized ships or small ships can be used. (3) Coastal transportation. It is a way of using ships to transport passengers and cargo through coastal waterways near the mainland. Generally, medium and small ships are used. (4) Ocean transportation. It is a form of long-distance transportation that uses ships to cross the ocean, mainly relying on large ships with large volumes. The main advantages of water transportation are: low cost, low-cost, large-scale, long-distance transportation. The shortcomings of water transportation are: slow transportation, which is greatly affected by ports, water levels, seasons, and climate, and it takes a long time to interrupt transportation in a year. 4. Air transportation Air transportation is a form of transportation using airplanes or other aircraft. Air transportation is divided into three types of transportation: passenger aircraft, mixed passenger and cargo, and transport aircraft. The unit cost of air transportation is very high. Therefore, there are two types of goods that are mainly suitable for transportation: one is high-value goods with strong freight capacity, such as expensive parts, high-end products, etc.; the other is emergency Materials needed, such as disaster relief supplies. The main advantages of air transportation are: fast delivery speed, good time efficiency; simple packaging, less damage (the goods are subject to vibration and impact in the logistics are less than other modes of transportation); high safety (flight standards, transportation organization management, airport and Aircraft have internationally unified specifications and regulations); routes are not restricted by terrain, landforms, mountains, rivers and other obstacles, and can reach areas that are difficult to reach by ground transportation. The shortcomings of air transportation are: high freight; limited by weight. 5. Pipeline transportation Pipeline transportation is a transportation method that uses pipelines to transport gases, liquids and powdered solids. Its transportation form is realized by moving objects in the pipeline along the pressure direction in sequence. Compared with other modes of transportation, one feature is that the pipeline equipment is stationary. The main advantages of pipeline transportation are: large transportation volume, strong orientation; strong continuity, low loss; high degree of mechanization, low transportation cost; no land occupation, simple and convenient management, and environmental protection; avoid loss during transportation , Loss and other losses; there is no invalid transportation problem. The disadvantages of pipe slag transportation are: large construction investment, specific requirements and restrictions on the transportation of goods, and poor flexibility. Copyright statement: Please respect the original content of the logistics industry, if you need to reprint this article, please indicate the original address of the article
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