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Multimodal transport, how strong are you? (Bottom) CNS Logistics

by:CNS     2021-04-10
Multimodal transport, how strong are you? (Bottom): 2018-05-22 14:57:00 3) Multimodal transport should have the conditions International multimodal transport is not only the combined transport between different modes of transport, but more importantly, for the shipper, regardless of How many carriers are involved in the actual transportation, and regardless of the contractual liability system adopted, the multimodal transport operator shall sign the entire transportation contract between the contracted carrier and the shipper, organize the entire transportation in a unified manner, and be responsible to the shipper. This truly reflects the integrity and efficiency of multimodal transportation that is essentially different from traditional transportation. Under multimodal transport, the owner only needs to handle one consignment, sign a transportation contract ('one ticket to the end'), pay a fee, and apply for insurance once. Once the goods are lost or damaged during transportation, the multimodal transport operator shall be responsible for the entire transportation and the shipper, which greatly facilitates the owner of the goods. At the same time, because multimodal transport can achieve 'door-to-door' transportation, for cargo owners, they can obtain shipping documents after handing over the goods to the first carrier. The conditions for multimodal transportation must be: i) No matter how many modes of transportation are used during the whole transportation process, the multimodal transportation operator responsible for the whole transportation must sign a multimodal transportation contract with the consignor. ii) The multimodal transport operator must be responsible for the entire transportation. Because the multimodal transport operator is not only the party who concludes the multimodal transport contract, but also the issuer of the multimodal transport document. iii) The goods taken over by the multimodal transport operator must be international cargo transportation. iv) Multimodal transportation not only uses two different transportation methods, but also must be continuous transportation under the different transportation methods. v). The multimodal transport operator shall issue a multimodal transport document for the entire transportation of the goods, which should meet the needs of different modes of transportation, and the entire freight will be calculated and collected. 4) Multimodal transport operator (MTO, ITO, CTO): the person responsible for the entire transportation (general contractor of the entire transportation), he can be a legal person that owns the means of transportation (trains, cars, ships, airplanes), or It is a 'NVOCC' (Non-vessel Operating Common Carrier) without any means of transportation. 5) The broad term 'forwarding' in the industry refers to: i) NVOCC: NVOCC (where NVOCC qualification is obtained) If it is announced in the Chinese official media, you can check it online) ii) General freight forwarding company without NVOCC qualification. Note: The NVOCC qualification certificate is issued by the Ministry of Communications, and the international freight forwarding qualification certificate is issued by the Ministry of Commerce (formerly the Ministry of Economy and Trade). 6) Contract carrier and actual carrier. In multimodal transportation, MTO is the contract carrier. He and the shipper sign the head contract for the whole transportation. The actual carrier who owns the means of transportation and undertakes the transportation tasks in each section is the actual carrier. There is no contractual relationship between each actual carrier and the shipper, he only has a sub-contract (Sub-contract) contract relationship with MTO. In China, many companies are labeled '××× International Freight CompanyCompanies such as NVOCC (translated as NVOCC or NVOCC) actually act as contractual carriers, while shipping companies, land transport companies, and air transport companies that own the means of transportation act as actual carriers. Of course, if the shipping company, land transportation company, or airline that owns the means of transport is also responsible for the entire process, then he is both the contractual carrier and the actual carrier specifically responsible for a certain section. According to the laws of our country, the fundamental difference between freight forwarders and NVOCCs is whether they can issue bills of lading in their own name. It is a violation of regulations for freight forwarders without NVOCC qualification to issue their own bills of lading. The bill of lading is a kind of securities and has a very important status. The 'International Shipping Regulations' stipulate that NVOCC operators must register their bills of lading (the bill of lading is the name of the NVOCC operator company) with the Ministry of Communications, and the Ministry of Communications will publish it on a designated website. But in practice, there are many operators engaged in NVOCC business in my country, and few have their own bill of lading! Many operators just take a bill of lading (usually a shipping company bill of lading) circulating in the market, and change the title to their company name as their own bill of lading, and some even use it directly without changing the title. When a non-vessel carrier issues a bill of lading, it often copies the terms of the actual carrier’s bill of lading instead of making changes based on its own actual situation. Once a dispute occurs, the carrier’s responsibilities cannot be accurately defined. In order to better understand the contractual carrier’s and The difference and relationship of actual carriers can be filled in as follows: time charterer A leases the 'Taihe' ship from owner B, and A leases the ship to C by way of voyage charter (voyage charter), then: The contracted carrier is _______, and the actual carrier is _______. (Key: A; B) (Note: A is the lessee under the time charter, B is the lessor under the time charter, C is the lessee under the voyage charter, and A is the lessor under the voyage charter). (The content comes from the Internet, for reference only)
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