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Organizational form of road transport

by:CNS     2021-07-15
The organization of road transportation 2021-06-20 18:07:25 From different perspectives, the organization of road transportation can be divided into many ways. Among them, the more common ones are the organizational form divided by the operation mode of the goods, the organizational form divided by the category of the goods, the organizational form divided by the transportation speed of the goods, and the organizational form divided by the service objects of the transportation. 1. Divided according to the operation mode of the goods According to the different operation modes of the goods, the organization of road transportation can be divided into the following four types. 1) Vehicle transportation. Vehicle transportation refers to the form of transportation organization in which the weight of the consignment by the shipper must be more than 3 tons (including 3 tons). If the weight of the goods is less than 3 tons, but they cannot be combined with other goods for transportation, and a separate vehicle is required for transportation, it can also be regarded as a whole vehicle transportation, such as fresh goods, goods that need to be transported by special vehicles, and cannot be combined with other goods Transport of dangerous goods, filthy goods that are prone to contaminate other goods, and uncountable bulk goods, etc. must go through the relevant consignment procedures as a whole vehicle. 2) LTL transportation. LTL transportation refers to the form of transportation organization in which the shipperu003dconsignment weight is less than 3 tons. Less-than-carload cargo has the characteristics of sporadic transportation, large batches, scattered flow, complicated seed crystals, and complicated transportation organization. LTL transportation can take the form of fixed route, fixed time, fixed frequency, and fixed personnel. 3) Combined transportation. The modes of combined transportation include road-rail combined transportation, road-water combined transportation, public-air combined transportation, and public-public combined transportation. 4) Container transportation. Container transportation is automobile transportation organized by containers. 2. Divided by the category of goods According to the different categories of goods, the organization of road transportation can be divided into the following two types. 1) General cargo transportation. General cargo refers to the cargo that has no special requirements during transportation, storage, and loading and unloading, and does not need to be transported by special vehicles, such as coal, sand, grain and processed products, vegetables, fruits, and metal ore. 2) Special cargo transportation. Special cargo refers to cargo that has special features in terms of its nature, volume, quality, and value. Special measures must be taken in the links of transportation, storage, or loading and unloading to ensure the complete delivery of cargo, including dangerous cargo and valuable cargo. , Bulky goods, perishable goods, refrigerated goods, fresh goods, etc. 3. Divided according to the speed of cargo transportation According to the different speed of cargo transportation, the organization of road transportation can be divided into the following three types. 1) General cargo transportation. 2) Express shipping. According to the provisions of the “Road Less-than-Carload Cargo Transportation Management Measures”, express shipments start from 15:00 on the day the goods are accepted, within a distance of 300 kilometers, and within 24 hours; within a distance of 1,000 kilometers, within 48 hours; and within a distance of 2000 kilometers. 'Delivery within' hours. Express shipments are generally coordinated by companies that specialize in this business, transportation companies, and airlines, and special personnel are dispatched to the sender, cargo transfer station or airport, or recipient at the fastest speed. Delivery of urgent items between times. 3) Express delivery. Express delivery refers to a special mode of transportation that is checked and shipped at the request of the shipper and completed within the agreed time. 4. Other division methods 1) Double and multi-shift transportation. This It is divided according to the number of shifts in which vehicles work. Double-shift transportation refers to a form of transportation in which vehicles work in two shifts in a day and night. Multi-shift transportation refers to a form of transportation in which vehicles work in two or more shifts in a day and night. Double shift or The purpose of multi-shift transportation is to increase the working hours of vehicles, thereby increasing the utilization rate of vehicles and reducing transportation costs. Generally, the utilization rate of double-shift transportation vehicles can be increased by 10%-20% compared with single-shift transportation. 2) Timing and Fixed-point transportation. This is divided according to whether the time and location of the goods are fixed. Timing transportation refers to the work of vehicles according to the schedule drawn in the operation plan. Fixed-point transportation refers to fixed loading points or fixed unloading points Compared with a fixed fleet, a transportation organization that specializes in completing fixed freight tasks. Fixed-point transportation is suitable for freight tasks with fixed and concentrated loading and unloading locations, and it is also suitable for fixed freight tasks where loading locations are concentrated and unloading locations are scattered. 1) General Truck transportation and trailer transportation. This is divided according to whether the car has trailers. Trailer transportation is a form of transportation that uses cars and trains composed of tractors and trailers to operate. It has fixed-hanging transportation and drop-and-hook transportation. There are two forms of transportation. Fixed-trailer transportation means that the tractor and trailer are not separated, and the transportation activities are always carried out as a whole. Drop-and-hook transportation means that the truck or tractor does not fix the trailer, but replaces the trailer according to a certain transportation plan. The form of drop-and-hook transportation includes one-end drop-and-hook, two-end drop-and-hook, and section traction. This article is derived from 845, please keep it
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