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Rail transport

by:CNS     2021-07-04
Railway transportation tools 2021-06-20 11:04:481. Railway locomotives, also known as locomotives, are the power of railway transportation. The operation of trains and the purposeful movement of locomotives on stations require the traction or push of locomotives. Locomotives can be divided into steam locomotives (Dongfeng type), diesel locomotives (Dongfanghong type) and electric locomotives (Shaoshan type). 2. Railway vehicles The railway vehicles used in the logistics field mainly include: (1) Flat cars. The flat car is a general-purpose vehicle widely used on railways. It has no roof and carriage baffle. It has a small dead weight, high loading tonnage, and convenient loading and unloading. When necessary, it can load ultra-wide and ultra-long goods. This type of vehicle is mainly used to transport large machinery, containers, steel, and large building materials. On the basis of this kind of flat car, adopting corresponding technical measures, it can be developed into container car, truck car, kangaroo car and so on. (2) Gondola. Gondola cars are also a major vehicle type on railways. There is no car roof, but with car baffle (low baffle, high baffle). It mainly transports building materials, timber, steel, groceries in bags and boxes, as well as bulk ore, coal and other goods. (3) Boxcars. This car is the main closed vehicle on the railway. Most of them use side sliding door type to facilitate the loading and unloading of small forklifts and trolleys into the passenger compartment. There are also sliding roof types on the roof, which are similar to gondola cars after being opened. Upper loading and unloading. It is mainly used for the transportation of rainproof, moisture-proof, and prevent loss and loss of more expensive goods. (4) Tanker. Tank cars are the main vehicle types used on railways for cargos such as gas, liquid and powder. There are horizontal cylinder type, vertical cylinder type, trough type and funnel type, which can be divided into tankers for loading light oil, tankers for viscous oil, acid tankers, cement tankers and compressed gas tankers. (5) Hopper car. The hopper car is mainly suitable for mechanized loading and unloading of bulk cargo. (6) Heat preservation and refrigerated vehicles. Insulation and refrigerated vehicles are vehicles that can maintain a certain temperature, regulate temperature, and can be transported in refrigeration, so as to adapt to the transportation of fresh food in winter and summer. (7) Special vehicles. Special vehicles refer to vehicles that carry special goods, such as long and large cargo trucks, livestock trucks, timber trucks and sugarcane trucks. 3. The train train of railway cars is a number of vehicles that are arranged and hung together in accordance with relevant regulations. Trains with locomotives and train attendants and train signs are the trains. Trains with more than 5000t hauled by high-power locomotives or multiple machines are called heavy-duty trains. In order to improve the transportation capacity, Guangzhou Logistics combines two or more ordinary trains to save running lines. This type of train is called a combined train.
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