The supply organization of LTL transportation 2021-06-20 16:07:05 After completing the basic work of LTL transportation, LTL transportation has entered the stage of supply organization. The organization of the source of less-than-carload cargo begins with the source investigation and ends with the acceptance of consignment. Its main purpose is to find and confirm the source of goods, and is a series of organizational work to find and implement the source of goods. Obtaining the information of the cargo source and flow of goods and effectively processing it, and carrying out the actual market investigation of the source of LTL transportation is the basic work of the management of LTL transportation. Since the transportation of LTL cargo is an integral part of cargo transportation, the content, methods and methods of its market research are basically the same. The investigation of the source of LTL transportation is essentially to obtain the basic information of the source and flow of goods through effective market research methods. The information obtained is further analyzed and used to guide the process of LTL transportation. 1. The concept of source and flow of goods The source of goods is the source of the goods and the place where the goods occur; the flow of goods refers to the flow of goods within a certain period of time, and it includes the four elements of the flow of goods, flow direction, flow time, and process. . The quantity of highway cargo flowing in a certain period of time and within a certain section is called cargo flow; the direction of highway cargo flowing is called cargo flow direction. The flow of goods is divided into forward flow and reverse flow. The cargo flow on the road section in the direction where the cargo flow is large is called the forward cargo flow; the cargo flow on the road section in the direction with the small cargo flow is called the reverse cargo flow. The source and flow information of LTL transportation refers to the general term of various information related to the place, flow, flow direction, flow time, flow and changes of LTL cargo. 2. Collection of cargo source and cargo flow information in LTL transportation Obtaining the source and cargo flow information of LTL transportation is not only an important basis for LTL transportation business decision-making, but also an important means to improve the resilience of LTL transportation. The collection of cargo flow information of LTL transportation generally adopts the following methods. 1) Carry out market research on LTL transportation. The market survey of LTL transportation can be divided into comprehensive survey, typical survey and special survey according to the survey method. A comprehensive survey is a basic overview of natural resources (land, mines, forests, local products, etc.), population, enterprises and institutions, schools, institutions, etc. in the area attracted by LTL transportation companies within a certain period of time; for industrial, agricultural, agricultural and sideline products Output, specifications, supply and circulation; the variety, consumption, self-production, and inflow of raw materials, fuels, and auxiliary materials required for industrial production; the quantity, scope, and time of commodity circulation; the layout of transportation networks, and the development and changes of competitors And so on, make a comprehensive investigation and analysis. A typical survey is to select some representative areas, units or transportation routes according to needs, conduct anatomy, and use the 'here and the other' reasoning method to achieve a general understanding of the common laws of similar things. The special survey is to study some special problems of LTL transportation, such as the newly opened LTL transportation route and special market research. 2) Organize and analyze data. Sort out and analyze the recent consignment data of LTL transportation companies, the statistical data of regional shipping volume, etc., and analyze the source and flow information of the goods. 3) Collection of real-time intelligence. The collection of real-time intelligence refers to the acquisition of cargo source and cargo flow information through inquiry and conversation in carrier business activities such as agency business, pickup and delivery at designated freight sites. 3. LTL transportation organization method 1) Carry out contract transportation. Contract transportation is an effective form of organization of goods sources in the road transportation department, with the following characteristics: ①Stabilize a certain amount of goods gradually. ②Conducive to reasonable transportation arrangements. ③It is conducive to strengthening the sense of corporate responsibility and improving the quality of transportation services. ④Conducive to simplifying transportation procedures and reducing expenses. ⑤ Conducive to improving the relationship between production, transportation and sales, and optimizing the allocation of resources. 2) Establish LTL transportation agency stations. LTL cargo has the characteristics of sporadic, scattered, large seed crystals, small batches, and wide flow. LTL cargo transportation companies can set up freight stations and points by themselves, or they can jointly set up LTL transportation agency stations with other social departments or enterprises. In this way, both It can increase the density of less-than-carload transportation sites, and can effectively use social resources, reduce corporate costs, and make up for the lack of capital and human resources in the development of enterprises. The prerequisite for the establishment of LTL transportation stations is extensive market research. Only through careful investigation and analysis can we understand the supply of goods and establish a LTL transportation network in a targeted manner. 3) Entrust social-related enterprises to act as agents for LTL transportation business. LTL transportation companies can also entrust units such as cargo intermodal transport companies, grocery packaging companies, post offices and other units to act as agents for LTL transportation acceptance business, and use social resources, that is, the existing facilities and marketing network of these units to obtain a relatively stable supply of goods. The principal-agent relationship is an effective management model in the modern market economy. This model can fully mobilize the economic resources of all aspects of the society and will be beneficial to the reconfiguration of the economic resources of LTL transportation. On the one hand, it can expand the commodity turnover of intermodal companies, grocery packaging companies, post offices and other units; on the other hand, it facilitates shoppers, expands their own LTL sources, and achieves a win-win situation for corporate and social benefits. 4) Hire freight information liaisons to establish a supply intelligence network. If you hire a freight information liaison at a material unit that has a relatively stable LTL source, you can grasp the source information at any time, and organize the entire vehicle source.