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Storage cost control strategy

by:CNS     2021-07-17
The control strategy of warehousing cost 2021-06-20 12:06:52 The size of warehousing cost is closely related to the quantity and variety of warehousing materials and other factors. The following introduces several commonly used storage cost control strategies. (1) The hang-label system is a traditional inventory control strategy. The basic essentials is to put a label with a number on each item of the inventory of commodity materials. When the inventory is sold or sent to the production unit for use, the label is to be removed and recorded on the 'perpetual inventory record' for control. In this case, in order to ensure that there is no downtime or temporary out-of-stock supply, the minimum storage volume (that is, the amount of insurance storage) must be indicated on the perpetual inventory record. Once the actual balance reaches the minimum level, it should be submitted immediately Order application. If the company does not use the perpetual inventory record, it should store the inventory labels that are removed each time, until the specified order date, and then classify the stored labels and count the quantity issued, and use this as the basis for purchase. Although the labeling system is simple and easy to implement, but in a certain period of time, when the inventory storage fluctuates greatly, a higher insurance reserve is often required. (2) ABC analysis method ABC analysis method is a control strategy for inventory classification management. When the inventory of inventory is extremely complicated, the unit price is very different, and the amount of inventory is different, it is necessary to highlight the key points and treat them differently. Its basic principle is 'the key is the minority, and the second is the majority'. According to the importance of each inventory in the total inventory, the inventory is divided into three categories: ABC: the number of category A inventory is small, and the capital is occupied. Management should be focused on. Class B inventory is general inventory, with a large quantity and general capital occupation, so routine management should be implemented. There are a large number of C-class inventory, and the capital occupation is small, so you don't need to spend too much energy. Generally, it can be managed by experience. (3) Double-stack inventory purchase The double-stack inventory purchase management system divides the inventory into two piles: the first pile is the inventory at the order point; the rest is the second pile. When distributing, use the second pile first. When the second pile is used up and only the first pile is left, it means that the inventory has dropped to the order point and the order should be placed immediately. It is also possible to separate the insurance reserve amount from the order quantity of the first pile and make another pile, which is called the three-pile method. The double-pile or three-pile method requires no inventory, visualizes the inventory, and is easy to implement. The disadvantage is that there is no continuous inventory record and it takes up more warehouse space. The double-stack inventory purchase management system is suitable for cheap, single-purpose items. In addition, with the widespread application of computer information systems, other strategies related to inventory costs have been developed accordingly. Such as 'Material Requirements Planning' (Material Requirements Planning), referred to as MRP system. It is not only an inventory cost control strategy, but also a time schedule method; 'Manufacturing Resources Planning' (Manufacturing Resources Planning), also known as MRPⅡ. It is the expansion of material requirements planning into a wider range of methods for planning and arranging manufacturing enterprise resources. 'Just-In-Time' (JIT), in a broad sense, is a production scheduling system that leads to low levels of work-in-process and inventory. JIT represents a concept. The system operation of Guangzhou Logistics under the guidance of this concept has the lowest inventory level, the smallest waste, the smallest space occupation, and the smallest transaction volume.
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