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The basic system of warehouse management

by:CNS     2021-07-15
The basic system of warehouse management 2021-06-20 11:25:12 During the storage period of goods, in addition to quality changes and losses caused by external attacks, they are often caused by fire, floods, theft, and poor management. There is a loss. Therefore, whether it is general ordinary goods or unusual special goods, as long as they are stored in the warehouse, they should meet the following basic system requirements: 1. Safety precaution system The warehouse is not only a place for storing goods, but also a country and enterprise. The place where property is stored centrally, so the safety management of the warehouse is an important measure to ensure the safety of goods and the safety of people’s lives and properties. The safety precaution system is conducive to the storage of goods, usually including the following main aspects: (1) Public security management. The warehouse shall establish and improve the security management organization, strengthen the security force of the warehouse, and establish a standardized management system for door guards and personnel entering and exiting the warehouse. There should be a normal duty and patrol system at night, and keep duty records and inspections. Conditional units should install anti-theft devices and alarm systems to prevent theft and sabotage. (2) Fire management. The warehouse shall establish and improve the necessary fire protection organization, and be equipped with complete fire protection facilities to strengthen management and inspection of fire sources, water sources, and electrical installations. Warehouse migrant workers should conduct fire-fighting knowledge training, master the simple principles and use methods of equipment, and implement the responsibility system to conduct safety inspections of regulations. The warehouse environment, including clearing the aisles during the shipping period, promptly remove waste and combustibles. The warehouse should also develop a non-smoking and open flame management system to prevent problems before they happen. (3) Warehouse security 'ten preventions.' After years of practice in China’s warehouse security management, we summarize and summarize the contents of 'prevention': anti-theft, anti-specialty, fire prevention, anti-poisoning, prevention of industrial accidents, and prevention of natural disasters. Prevent oil leakage and mixing, prevent dangerous goods accidents, prevent goods from mold and damage, prevent equipment damage and traffic accidents. In different warehouse types, according to different cargo characteristics, the focus of the 'ten prevention' will be different, but the above content should be used as a warehouse The basic system of safety precautions. 2. Warehousing inspection and acceptance system When the goods are checked and accepted according to their quality and quantity, the warehouse shall be handled. The acceptance of goods in the warehouse is conducive to the timely completion of the warehouse work, timely settlement of payment, and timely organization of supply. It is conducive to invigorating the enterprise and improving economic efficiency. It is also conducive to clarifying the responsibility for the transfer of goods between production, supply, sales and transportation, preventing substandard goods from entering the circulation field, and timely taking corresponding measures for goods whose quality has changed. In order to prevent the expansion of losses. The cargo warehouse should arrange reasonable storage. Covering and stacking are two important links. The cushioning is to prevent moisture. The goods should be properly covered for open storage. The cover should be based on the nature of the goods, the storage location, and the height of the terrain. , The degree of moisture on the ground, the storage period, and the climatic conditions should choose the matting materials to determine the height of the bottom and the effectiveness of the cover. When the goods are stacked in the warehouse, personal safety and cargo safety must be ensured to facilitate the warehouse operation and facilitate the rational use of the warehouse capacity. Generally, the type of goods, performance, quantity and packaging conditions, warehouse height, equipment conditions, floor load and storage period, storage season conditions determine the form to be adopted. Generally, it can take various forms such as bulk stacking, stacking, and shelf stacking. At the same time, reasonably determine the 'five distances' of stacking, namely top distance, stacking distance, wall distance, column distance, and lamp distance. These five distances are determined by the size of the goods, handling tools and business conditions. In addition, for high water content Goods that are prone to mildew and require ventilation should be stacked in the rainy season for ventilation; for hardware, haberdashery, electrical parts and other goods, they can be stacked on the shelves; for goods that are easy to bend and deform, they should be stacked and flattened. Straight cross-type solid stacks, etc. 3. In order to ensure that the quality of the inventory is intact, the stored goods need to be checked regularly or irregularly. The specific time and method should be based on the composition, performance and change rules of the goods, combined with the season , Climate, storage environment and storage time, etc. During the storage period, if the environmental conditions are not suitable, the quality will change, and sometimes the change is quite fast. If you can’t find out in time and take measures to treat it, the loss will be serious, so Enough attention should be paid to the inspection of goods in the warehouse. The items to be inspected in the warehouse generally include: whether the temperature and humidity in the warehouse meet the requirements; whether the stacking of the goods is safe and reasonable; whether there are any abnormalities or other changes in the goods; the warehouse environment Clean and sanitary conditions, etc. 4. Goods delivery system. The delivery of goods is the last link in the storage of goods and the end of the basic process of warehouse operations. The following principles should be followed: 'First-in, first-out, and those with incomplete packaging. Those who fail will come first, and those who have been damaged will not. 'Outbound goods require inspection and delivery of varieties and specifications, the quantity must be accurate, and the review must be carefully and carefully; the single goods are the same, and they are not leaking; the goods are packaged completely, and the markings are accurate and clear; pay attention to the operation when handling and handling to prevent the goods from being damaged. Impact, damage. The system should be established and perfected for voucher delivery, signing and delivery records.
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