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The composition of the warehouse area

by:CNS     2021-07-16
The composition of the warehouse area 2021-06-20 13:35:23 The general layout of the warehouse can generally be divided into storage operation area, auxiliary operation area, and administrative living area. In addition, it also includes special railway lines and roads in the warehouse. In order to meet the needs of rapid turnover of goods in modern warehouses, Guangzhou freight forwarding companies should pay attention to appropriately increasing the area of u200bu200bthe receiving and dispatching operation area and the inspection area in the warehouse operation area in the overall layout. 1. Warehousing operation area The warehousing operation area is the main part of the warehouse and is the place for commodity storage and transportation activities, mainly including storage areas, special railway lines, roads, loading and unloading platforms, etc. The storage area is a place for storing, sending and receiving goods, and is the main area of u200bu200bthe production area. The storage area is mainly composed of two parts: the storage area and the non-storage area. The storage area is an area mainly used to store commodities, and the non-storage area mainly includes various loading and unloading channels, waiting areas, receiving and dispatching operation areas, assembly areas, etc. Modern warehouses have been transformed from traditional storage warehouses to circulation warehouses based on receiving and dispatching operations. The composition of each component is usually: the area of u200bu200bthe qualified product storage area accounts for 40% to 50% of the total area; the channel accounts for 8%~12% of the total area; the area to be inspected and the receiving and dispatching area of u200bu200bthe exit warehouse account for ⒛% to 30% of the total area; the assembly area accounts for 10% to 15% of the total area; the area to be processed and the isolation area for unqualified products It accounts for 5%~10% of the total area. Dedicated railway lines in the reservoir area should be connected with national railways, docks, and raw material bases so that locomotives can directly enter the reservoir area for freight. The railway line in the warehouse is preferably a through-type. Generally, it should be laid along the length of the warehouse, and the straight length of the fork line should be maximized. The number of shares should be determined according to the width of the freight yard and warehouse and the freight volume. The layout of modern warehouse roads is based on the requirements of the flow of goods, combined with the terrain, area, the location of each warehouse building, and the warehouse, and then determine the direction and form of the road. The driveway is mainly used for the movement of lifting and handling machinery and fire safety. At the same time, it is also necessary to consider ensuring the smooth flow between the warehouse, the administrative area and the living area. Warehouse roads are divided into main roads, secondary roads, sidewalks and fire lanes. The main road should be a two-lane road with a width of 6 to 7 meters; the secondary road should be a single-lane road of 3 to 3.5 meters; the width of the fire road should be no less than 6 meters, and it should be arranged on the outer periphery of the reservoir area. To build warehouses in river network areas, the advantageous conditions of water transportation should be utilized as much as possible. First of all, the hydrological data of the river should be investigated in order to determine the location of the wharf, the architectural style, and the hoisting equipment. The location of the wharf should be selected where the river bed is stable, the water flow is straight, the water bank is wide, and the water is deep enough so that the ship can safely dock and leave the wharf for loading and unloading operations. 2. Auxiliary production area Auxiliary production area is an auxiliary workshop or service station that serves the storage, transportation and custody of commodities, including garages, substations, oil depots, maintenance workshops, etc. It is worth noting that the oil depot should be set far away from the maintenance workshops, dormitories and other places prone to open flames, and corresponding fire-fighting facilities should be set around. 3. Administrative living area The administrative living area is the warehouse administrative management organization and living area. In order to facilitate business contact and management, the administrative agency is generally located at the main exit of the warehouse and separated from the warehouse operation area by a partition wall. This not only facilitates the contact between the staff and the work area, but also avoids the influence and interference of non-operators on the warehouse production operations. The staff dormitory building should generally keep a certain distance from the warehouse operation area to ensure the safety of the warehouse and the quietness of the living area. In addition, the fire-fighting waterways of modern warehouses should be arranged in all areas of the warehouse with a circular system, and indoor and outdoor fire hydrants must be installed on the fire-fighting system pipelines. Fire hydrants should be set along the road and close to the crossroads, with an interval of no more than 100 meters and a distance of no less than 5 meters from the wall. According to the local climate, fire hydrants can be built underground or above ground.
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