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The difference between international multimodal transportation and international general cargo transportation

by:CNS     2021-07-14
The difference between international multimodal transportation and international general cargo transportation 2021-06-20 15:36:01 International multimodal transportation is rarely undertaken by one operator for all transportation. Often after accepting the consignment of the cargo owner, the intermodal transport operator handles part of the transportation work by himself, and then entrusts other carriers for the remaining transportation work. But this is different from a single mode of transportation. For these carriers who accept the transfer of multimodal transport operators, Guangzhou Logistics Company is only responsible to the intermodal operators in accordance with the contractual relationship of transportation, and does not have any business relationship with the cargo owners. Therefore, the multimodal transport operator can be the actual carrier or the 'non-vessel carrier'. The main differences between international multimodal transportation and general international cargo transportation are as follows. 1. The content and production method of freight documents are different. International multimodal transportation is mostly 'door-to-door' transportation. Therefore, the actual carrier should issue the bill of lading or waybill at the same time after the cargo is loaded on the ship, truck or machine. Multimodal transportation is operated. People issue multimodal bills of lading, which is the fundamental difference between multimodal transport and any single mode of international freight. In this case, the shipper on the ocean bill of lading or waybill should be the multimodal transport operator, and the consignee and the notifying party should generally be the foreign branch of the multimodal transport operator or its agent; on the multimodal bill of lading The consignee and consignor are the real and actual consignee and consignor, and the notification party is the consignee or the consignee’s agent at the port of destination or final delivery place. In addition to the port of loading and unloading, the multimodal bill of lading must also specify the name of the place of receipt, the place of delivery, or the final destination, as well as the name, number of voyages, or number of vehicles on the first journey. 2. The applicability and negotiability of the multimodal bill of lading is different from the general ocean bill of lading. The general ocean bill of lading is only applicable to maritime transport. In this sense, the multimodal bill of lading is only applicable when the ocean is combined with other modes of transportation, but now it is It is also suitable for continuous international transportation of two or more different modes of transportation except sea transportation. The multimodal bill of lading combines the negotiability of the ocean bill of lading with the non-negotiable nature of the waybill under other modes of transport. Therefore, the multimodal transport operator can issue both negotiable and non-negotiable multimodal transports according to the shipper’s requirements. Through bill of lading. In the former case, the consignee column should be made with instructions; in the latter case, the consignee column should specify the name of the consignee and indicate non-negotiable on the bill of lading. 3. The terms of the letter of credit are different. According to the needs of multimodal transport, the terms of the letter of credit should have the following three changes. 1) When negotiating with the bank, you cannot use the clean bill of lading issued by the shipping company. Instead, you should use the multimodal bill of lading issued by the multimodal transport operator. At the same time, it should also indicate how the title of the bill of lading is made to clarify whether it is transferable . 2) Multimodal transportation generally adopts container transportation (except in special circumstances, such as the transportation of machinery and equipment under foreign engineering contracting, it is not necessary to use containers), therefore, the specified container transportation clause should be added to the letter of credit. 3) If the bill is not transferred by the bank, the shipper or consignor or the multimodal transport operator sends the bill directly, so that the consignee or agent can obtain the shipping document as soon as possible and accelerate the speed of picking up the goods at the port of destination. The letter of credit added the clause that 'the shipping documents shall be sent directly to the consignee or its agent by the consignor or the multimodal transport operator'. If a multimodal transport operator sends a bill, and the shipment is due to the need for negotiation and settlement, the multimodal transport operator shall issue a certificate of 'receipt of the shipping documents and have been sent'. 4. Customs inspection and release procedures are different. Generally, the delivery location of international cargo transportation is mostly at the loading port, and the destination is mostly at the unloading port. Therefore, the customs declaration and customs clearance procedures are all at the port where the goods enter and exit the country. The origin of international multimodal cargo is mostly inland cities. Therefore, the inland customs only handles the transit supervision procedures for the goods, and the customs at the exit place will inspect and release them. If the final destination of imported goods is an inland city, the customs at the port of entry generally do not perform inspections, but only go through customs supervision procedures. When the goods reach the final destination, the local customs will inspect and release them. This article is from 879 reprinted please keep
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