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The historical evolution and driving factors of the development of third-party logistics

by:CNS     2021-07-12
The historical evolution and driving factors of the development of third-party logistics 2021-06-20 18:15:13 The historical evolution of the development of third-party logistics logistics first began in the 'World War II' transportation logistics system, and the post-war economic depression promoted new logistics concepts The production. Since 1950, American management and business circles have begun to attach importance to commercial logistics. The oil crisis in 1973 made the cost issue an important issue for global business operations. The logistics principles and concepts formed during the previous period were able to exert substantial effects at this time, and logistics also developed into a global topic. Around 1975, a 'third-party logistics' company appeared in the United States, which was responsible for the internal logistics function of the enterprise. As an emerging field in the logistics industry, third-party logistics has gradually developed into the main body of the modern logistics industry, has occupied a large share in the global logistics market, and has become a symbol and representative of the development level of the modern logistics industry. The evolution of third-party logistics does not have very clear boundaries. Chrisoula and Douglas (1998) according to the type of service provided by the third-party logistics, the level of control implemented, and the level of strategic importance of the enterprise, the Guangzhou-Shaanxi freight dedicated line divided the evolution of third-party logistics into a leading period, There are five stages: awareness period, demand period, integration period and differentiation period. In the lead-in period, the concept of third-party logistics is in its infancy, and only when the third-party logistics company has a significant cost advantage or transportation is tight, companies will consider it. In the awareness period, the concept of third-party logistics became popular, and companies began to consider using third-party logistics companies as an alternative to inventory control and cost reduction to strengthen their competitiveness and increase profits. However, third-party logistics still arouses concerns in the business community about the lack of logistics control rights. During the demand period, changes in important markets and laws have increased the complexity of distribution, leading to the assistance of third-party logistics companies with distribution expertise as a necessity for enterprises, and the concept of third-party logistics has begun to be recognized and adopted by the business community. In the integration period, the concept of third-party logistics has attracted more and more companies, and factors such as internationalization and the increasing complexity of distribution channels have forced companies to turn to third-party logistics. In the period of differentiation, the concept of third-party logistics is regarded as a differentiator of the core competitiveness of enterprises. The trend of internationalization and increasingly important partnership and alliance relationships make enterprises use third-party logistics as a necessary function to increase competitiveness. To support the corporate mission.
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