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The reform of the railway freight transportation organization model constitutes the inherent realistic choice

by:CNS     2021-07-04
The transformation of the railway freight organization model constitutes an inherent reality choice. 2021-06-20 17:12:31 In the agricultural era and the early stage of industrialization when the productivity is still underdeveloped and the transportation and warehousing industries are backward, the logistics company from Guangzhou to Shenyang is in order to realize the business For the exchange of materials, most of the network nodes in the traditional logistics industry have adopted a dense layout, which presents an extremely decentralized situation in the macroscopic view. During the 'Eighth Five-Year Plan' period of my country's Chaolu Road System, more than 4,000 freight business stations were arranged on a business line network of more than 50,000 kilometers, and the average distance between stations was only 12.64 kilometers. At that time, the decentralized layout of logistics nodes adapted to the level of productivity development played an important role in promoting social and economic development. With the development of productivity and the continuous improvement of the level of science and technology, especially the increasingly fierce market competition, the disadvantages of the scattered layout of traditional freight yards, warehouses, a large number of enterprise-owned logistics centers, and warehousing distribution centers have become more and more obvious. Mainly manifested in: unreasonable layout, lack of unified planning; unable to achieve economic scale, difficult to achieve intensive operation; the functional objectives, operating procedures, and operating methods of each node are the same, lack of organic and reasonable division of labor and coordination, and it is difficult to achieve specialization; resources The contradiction between idle and repeated allocation is prominent; it is not conducive to the realization of modern logistics nodes and many other aspects. This model of distributed operation of logistics nodes urgently requires system integration to achieve economies of scale. Although the current layout of my country's railway freight yards is wide, the layout is still lacking in science. The overall layout is scattered and the operation is not concentrated, and it does not match the distribution of social needs well. Freight yards in some economically developed areas The scale of the station is relatively small, and even some developed areas have no railway at all, which has caused the loss of supply to a certain extent. In addition, as the speed of urbanization continues to accelerate, changes in the urban spatial layout have made some stations surrounded by cities, and there is no room for development. The layout of stations should be adjusted adaptively to adapt to and drive the rapid development of the urban economy. Judging from the reform and development experience of foreign developed countries, more small-scale freight business stations in the hub will be closed, while large-scale specialized stations will be renovated or built, and their functions will be improved, thereby reducing the number of freight stations and realizing the professionalism of freight stations in the hub. This makes freight operations highly centralized and professional. As mentioned above, my country has now carried out the adjustment of the distribution of railway productivity, and the freight station is developing towards the centralized and large-scale freight operation yard. This move meets the basic needs of modern transportation and logistics and is in line with the overall development direction of the transportation industry. And has achieved more obvious results. Under this circumstance, seizing the opportunity, under the policy background of the adjustment of productivity layout, transforming traditional railway freight yards and upgrading technology, establishing modern management concepts, and establishing a modern railway logistics center with modern logistics service concepts has become An important direction for the development of railway freight yards and the adjustment of the layout of productivity have also created a good production and operation environment for the construction and operation of railway modern logistics centers. The current freight organization mode of China’s railways is still dominated by the flow of trains, and it has not been able to effectively organize the flow of goods according to social needs and the flow and direction of materials. This mode has adapted to the layout and existing railway freight yards and stations. However, the current management system has gradually not adapted to the needs of modern society for railway logistics. Therefore, it is urgent to reform the railway freight organization model, changing the flow of trains into the flow of goods, and the flow of goods requires large-scale operation nodes to carry goods. Therefore, the construction of a new railway logistics node represented by the railway modern logistics center has become an important support and realistic choice for the transformation of the railway freight organization model. Through the planning, construction and scientific operation of the railway logistics center and logistics park, the flow of trains is changed. Assemble the cargo flow and promote the better and faster development of railway freight.
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