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The role of warehousing

by:CNS     2021-07-17
The role of warehousing 2021-06-20 14:12:50 Warehousing obtains time utility in logistics by changing the time state of things, overcoming the time difference between production and demand. Warehousing is not a completely static process, but has its basic economic functions. The role of warehousing is: integration, classification and cross-platform, processing/delay, stocking and custody. 1. Integration means that the warehouse receives materials from a series of manufacturing plants designated to be sent to a certain place, and then integrates them into a single one-ticket shipment. Through integration, Guangzhou logistics company may achieve the lowest transportation rate and reduce congestion at the customer's receiving station. 2. Sorting and cross-platform sorting operations receive customer combined orders from manufacturers and ship them to individual customers. The sorting warehouse or sorting station sorts or divides the combined order into individual orders, and arranges for the local transportation department to be responsible for delivery. As long-distance transportation transfers large quantities of shipment, the transportation cost is relatively low, and tracking is not difficult. Cross-platform operation is to ship the goods from multiple manufacturers to the entire vehicle. After receiving the product, if there is a label, it will be classified according to the customer, if there is no label, it will be distributed according to the location. Then, the product passes through the 'platform' as the word 'cross' means, and is loaded onto a trailer designated to the appropriate customer. Once the trailer is filled with combined products from multiple manufacturers, it is released for shipment to retail stores. In this process, because the product does not need to be stored, the transportation cost at the cross-station facility is reduced. In addition, because all vehicles are fully loaded, the platform facilities are used more effectively, and the platform loading utilization rate reaches the maximum. 3. Processing/postponement means that the warehouse undertakes processing or participates in a small number of manufacturing activities. 4. Stocking and storage Products that produce seasonal consumption throughout the year or seasonal production and consumption throughout the year must be stockpiled and stored to provide an inventory buffer, so that production activities can improve efficiency under the constraints of material sources and customer needs. In addition, the products that are produced or harvested are sold as much as they are produced. If they are not stored, the price will inevitably fall. In order to prevent this, it is necessary to store the products in the warehouse. It can be seen that while storage improves time efficiency, it also has the function of adjusting prices. The storage and custody are in a static state, which can also be said to be a zero-speed transportation. During this period, custody also includes maintaining the quality of the product unchanged, that is, maintaining the use value of the product or the market value of the product itself. Therefore, we say that custody has the dual function of adjusting time and price for the purpose of adjusting supply and demand.
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