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The state of road transport

by:CNS     2021-07-15
The state of road transportation 2021-06-20 13:57:12 (1) Scale The development of transportation in many countries in the world has a common development law, that is, the development of maritime and railway transportation is the first, and the road transportation is behind. Nowadays, the dominant position of road transportation in various modes of logistics transportation is increasing day by day. Since automobiles have become the main mode of transportation for road transportation, modern road transportation mainly refers to automobile transportation. In terms of passenger and cargo transportation, by the end of 2000, the number of civilian vehicles in my country reached 15.8 million, with an increase of 5.4 million in five years. Among them, the number of operating passenger cars has reached 2 million, and the number of operating trucks has reached 4.7 million. The number of highway passenger transport lines has reached 125,000, and the daily passenger transport frequency has increased to 10,000, including more than 60,000 rural passenger transport lines and nearly 400,000 daily passenger lines. In 2000, the passenger traffic volume was 13.3 billion person-times, the passenger turnover volume was 660 billion people/km, the freight volume was 10.2 billion tons, and the cargo turnover volume was 597.3 billion tons/km. The average haul distance has increased from a kilometer at the beginning of the Ninth Five-Year Plan to 49.6 kilometers at the end of the Ninth Five-Year Plan. Especially the rapid rise of expressway passenger transportation and fast freight transportation has expanded the space of road transportation, improved service efficiency, and strengthened its fundamental position in the integrated transportation system. The road infrastructure has achieved leapfrog development. First, the total number of highways has increased substantially. In 5 years, 240,000 kilometers of highways were added, and the national highway mileage has exceeded 1.4 million kilometers, of which 13,000 kilometers of expressways have been added in 5 years, and the mileage of highways has reached 16,000 kilometers. The Beijing-Shenzhen and Beijing-Shanghai highways have been fully connected. A large road transportation channel has been formed between North China, Northeast my country, and East China. At the same time, a number of world-advanced road bridges and Yangtze River tunnels have been built. The second is the gradual optimization of the road network structure. The 'five vertical and seven horizontal' national trunk lines have been completed for 18,000 kilometers, accounting for more than half of the planned mileage, laying the foundation for the early completion of my country's national trunk lines. The mileage of roads above the second level increased to 188,000 kilometers, nearly double that of 1995. The proportion of total road mileage increased from 8.3% to 13.4%, and the proportion of high-grade, sub-high-grade roads in total road mileage has reached 6%. . Third, the depth of highway accessibility has been further improved. In the past five years, more than 500 townships and more than 5,000 administrative villages have access to roads across the country. By the end of 2010, the proportion of towns and townships with roads reached 98.34%, and the proportion of administrative villages with roads reached 90.6%. The highway density has increased from 12.1 kilometers per 100 square kilometers to 14.6 kilometers. (2) Technical equipment and facilities Road transportation technical equipment and facilities are mainly composed of transportation vehicles, highways and stations. This article was originally created by Guangzhou Logistics Company 1) Highway classification. Highway is one of the primary facilities for automobile transportation. Highways can be divided into two categories and five levels according to the traffic volume, nature of use, and tasks, namely, high-level highways, first-level highways, second-level highways, third-level highways, and fourth-level highways. 2) Transport vehicles. Automobiles used on highways are roughly divided into three categories, namely passenger cars, trucks, and special transport vehicles. Passenger cars can be divided into small passenger cars (cars, jeeps, etc.) and coaches. Trucks can be divided into light trucks, medium trucks and heavy trucks according to their load capacity. Cargo transportation can be divided into special cargo transportation, bulk cargo transportation, container transportation and so on. This article is from 833 reprinted please keep
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