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Theoretical Basis for the Design of the Organizational Mode of Recycled Logistics System

by:CNS     2021-07-14
The theoretical basis for the design of the organization model of the recycling logistics system 2021-06-20 10:42:24 According to Williamson’s transaction cost theory, as asset specificity increases, transactions should take three organizational forms: market mechanism, network structure, Hierarchical control structure (enterprise model). Therefore, when the asset specificity is very high, transactions should be internalized to eliminate opportunistic behavior under the market mechanism to reduce transaction costs. Since the assets invested in recycled logistics are highly dependent on the transaction of recycled products, and their asset specificity is relatively large, it is not appropriate for recycled logistics to adopt a market transaction mechanism, and should adopt an enterprise or network model. In addition, according to the theory of network organization, the cooperative relationship established by an enterprise and other enterprises is the most valuable resource of an enterprise. Obtaining supplementary investment or capabilities from other enterprises is an important way to enhance the competitiveness of an enterprise. Since recycled logistics has the characteristics of high investment risk, complex structure, scattered locations, etc., if the manufacturer operates exclusively, although it can reduce transaction costs, it increases inventory costs and transportation costs, and demand response is slow, and the service level is low, resulting in customers Decline in value 9 companies lack competitiveness. Coupled with the inherent superiority of network organization, network structure (integrated supply chain structure) has become the best choice for recycling logistics organization mode. At present, foreign companies basically adopt this mode when operating recycling logistics. For example, in the United States, on average, about 50% of the returned products are returned to suppliers and manufacturers, while the remaining m% is returned to downstream distributors or retailers. In addition, some companies entrust downstream companies to operate part of the recycling business through subsidies to reduce recycling logistics costs and shorten business operation channels and time. Environmental logistics improves the logistics system from the perspective of the environment, forming an environmental symbiosis-type logistics management system. This kind of logistics management system is based on the maintenance of the global environment and sustainable development. It changes the original one-way relationship between economic development and logistics, consumer life and logistics. While restraining the harm caused by traditional linear logistics to the environment, it adopts The attitude and brand-new concept of living in harmony with the environment, to design and establish a circular circular logistics system, so that the waste materials reaching the end of the traditional logistics can be returned to the normal logistics process. 1009
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