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Transportation cost and analysis of basic transportation methods

by:CNS     2021-07-13
The transportation cost and analysis of basic transportation methods 2021-06-20 08:42:39 The principle of scale and distance of transportation show that the greater the volume of a transportation, the lower the unit cost; the farther the distance, the lower the unit cost. Under the same mode of transportation, the faster the transportation speed, the lower the transportation cost. Therefore, transportation volume, distance and transportation speed are the main factors affecting transportation cost, and of course there are some other factors. 1. Transportation distance Transportation distance is the most important factor affecting transportation cost, because it directly affects labor, fuel, maintenance and other changing costs. The cost curve does not start from the origin, because it has nothing to do with distance but is related to the fixed costs incurred by the delivery and delivery activities of the goods; the cost curve is a decreasing cycle function that increases with the shortening of distance, because transportation costs are independent of distance The station fee and the in-transit fee that increases with the increase in the transportation distance make the longer the transportation distance, although the total transportation expenditure increases, but the station operation cost is allocated to the unit transportation cost. The unit transportation cost is reduced, that is, the law of decreasing freight. 2. The cargo load can also be divided into a part of the fixed expenses such as depreciation fees, corporate management fees, and loading and unloading fees that are not related to changes in the volume; the other part is variable fuel costs, port fees, and power costs for loading and unloading machinery during transportation. The cost is increased with the increase in transportation volume. The transportation cost per unit weight decreases as the load increases. This is because the fixed costs of pick-up and delivery activities can be shared with the increase in cargo load. However, this relationship is limited by the maximum capacity of the means of transport, which will give the management the enlightenment that small batches of cargo should be integrated into a larger cargo capacity to increase economy. 3. Transportation speed The transportation speed theory means that the shorter the time required to complete a specific transportation, the higher its utility value. Because the shortening of time is actually equivalent to the increase of the transportation volume per unit time, and the cost of the fixed cost allocated to the unit transportation volume is reduced. Therefore, rapid transportation is an effective way to increase the utility value of transportation. The speed of transportation not only refers to increasing the speed of transportation, but also the speed of other auxiliary operations and the connection between them, such as sorting, packaging, loading and unloading, and handling. In addition, factors affecting transportation costs also include the utilization efficiency of transportation vehicles, such as the actual load rate and driving utilization rate of transportation vehicles; production crystal density, stowage capacity, packaging, special cargo transportation, advanced equipment, organization and management work methods And many other factors.
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