Water transport plays an important role in carrying
Big rivers and lakes are used as waterways. Large rivers like Amazon and the Mississippi, etc. are used by huge ships. In India, the Brahmaputra and the Ganga are the only navigable rivers.
This includes transportation of heavy goods like food grains, mineral ores and mineral oil through the sea route.
Some of the important sea routes are:
North Atlantic Route
It is a sea route connecting Atlantic pacific oceans through Canada. It is the busiest sea route in the world.
Water transportation is the intentional movement of water over large distances. Methods of transportation fall into three categories:
Aqueducts, which include pipelines, canals, and tunnels,
container shipment, which includes transport by tank truck, tank car, and tank ship, and
towing, where a tugboat is used to pull an iceberg or a large water bag along behind it.
Due to its weight, the transportation of water is very energy intensive. Unless it has the assistance of gravity, a canal or long-distance pipeline will need pumping stations at regular intervals. In this regard, the lower friction levels of the canal make it a more economical solution than the pipeline. Water transportation is also very common along rivers and oceans.
Major Water Transportation Projects
The Grand Canal of China, finished in the 7th Century AD and measuring 1,794 kilometres (1,115 mi).
The California Aqueduct, near Sacramento, is 715 km (444 mi) long.
The Great Manmade River is a vast underground network of pipes (1600 kilometres / 994 miles) in the Sahara desert, transporting water from an immense aquifer to the largest cities in the region.
The Suez Canal Route
This canal connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Gulf of Suez and the red sea. It was opened in 1869. Earlier one had to go via the Cape of Good Hope to go to England which took almost 6 months but this canal has reduced the time taken. Now it takes only two months to reach England. It is around 160 kilometers long.
The Panama Canal Route
The Panama Canal became operational in the year 1914. This canal connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean. This canal has considerably reduced the traveling time to 8 hours between the two oceans. Earlier the ships had to go via Cape Horn.
Water Transport in India
In India, Ganga and Brahmaputra are used as inland waters. The lagoons of kerala are also used for ports are Mumbai, Kandla, Marmagoa, new Mangalore, Cochin, Chennai, vishakapatnam, Paraddwip and Kolkata. Mumbai is the busiest port of all.