Classification of railway freight stations 2021-06-20 12:11:081. According to the type of goods handled and the classification of service objects, it can be divided into comprehensive freight stations and professional freight stations. (1) The comprehensive freight station has a larger freight yard, which can handle a variety of cargo operations and dedicated line operations. Generally located in large cities, industrial areas or ports and other large cargo loading and unloading locations, it can handle all kinds of cargo delivery operations. (2) Professional freight stations only handle certain kinds of cargo, such as coal, ore, oil, wood, grain and other bulk or dangerous goods, and are usually located in the production or distribution center of the source of goods. 2. According to the nature of cargo handling operations, it can be divided into loading stations, unloading stations and loading and unloading stations. ˇ(1) Loading station: Loading station is a station where loading is greater than unloading. Such stations often require a large number of empty vehicles to handle the delivery of bulk cargo, such as coal, wood, ore, petroleum, and mineral construction materials. (2) Unloading station: Unloading station is a station where unloading is greater than loading. This type of station generally parks a large number of empty cars, some stations located near steel, oil and other production bases or comprehensive freight stations located in large cities belong to this category. (3) Loading and unloading station: a station where the number of loading and unloading vehicles is close. This type of station has a relatively large proportion of dual operations. Stations with small and medium freight yards located in small and medium-sized cities and towns, and stations where loading operations and unloading operations are generally not much different belong to this category. 3. According to the way it is connected to the main line, it can be divided into end-type freight station and through-type freight station. (1) End-type freight station: It is a station where only one end of the station's arrival and departure yard is connected to the main railway line. (2) Pass-through freight station: It is a station where the arrival and departure ends of the station are connected to the main railway line.