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Construction Principles of Warehouse Management Information System

by:CNS     2021-07-17
The construction principles of the warehouse management information system 2021-06-20 15:05:12 The warehouse management information system is a management information system built based on the process of warehousing business. It is established with systematic viewpoints, ideas and methods. It is a human-machine system that uses modern communication equipment as the basic transmission tool and can provide information services for management decision-making. This man-machine system can manage the information of the warehousing business, that is, the collection, transmission, storage, processing, maintenance and use of information, and has functions such as prediction, control and auxiliary decision-making. 1. The principles that should be followed in the development of warehouse management information systems (1) System principles Since the entire management information system is a large system, and individuals who develop and use the system often only involve parts, it is easy to only focus on their own parts and not consider the overall situation. (2) The principle of user supremacy The user is God, and only when the management information system meets the needs of the user can it be accepted and used by the user. However, this has changed in recent years. Due to changes in management tools and methods, the original management ideas, management methods, and management business processes may not be good, so the management information system may need to reorganize business processes to improve management. So as to create greater value for users. (3) The principle of leadership participation The implementation of management information systems in enterprises may involve the redistribution of power within the enterprise. Therefore, various contradictions and conflicts will appear in the implementation process, which requires a person who can make decisions in the scope of the management information system to resolve these contradictions and conflicts. (4) The top-down principle. When developing a system, most people always understand the general requirements of the system, and simply break it down, and go deep to the bottom. They always think that they only need to be bottom-up. Do the piece by piece, and the whole system will be completed. But the system put together in this way often has many problems, and sometimes it is even unusable. Therefore, in the actual development, it is necessary to analyze and design layer by layer from top to bottom in great detail. This is the main work. (5) The principle of step-by-step implementation of the master plan. Theoretically, the larger the scale of the management information system, the more it can play its role. And the better the matching of each part. However, most enterprises and institutions in my country often do not have the human, material and financial resources required for large-scale implementation of informatization, and the larger the system, the greater the complexity, and the greater the probability of failure. Therefore, when implementing a management information system, it is always It is based on one's own actual situation. In order to ensure the unity of the overall situation, overall planning should be carried out before proceeding. (6) The principle of structured development of warehouse management information system. With the help of engineering and structured thinking, according to the principle of user first, structured and modularized, the system is analyzed and designed from top to bottom. The development process is regarded as a life cycle, that is, several interconnected phases. Each phase has a clear task, and corresponding documents must be generated. The documents of the previous phase are the basis of the work of the next phase. 2. Maintenance of warehousing management information system In the daily use process of management information system, there are a lot of operation management, maintenance and evaluation work. On the one hand, during the actual operation of the system, it is possible to find errors that were not discovered during system debugging; on the other hand, as the internal and external conditions of the enterprise change, new requirements will be put forward for the management information system. Requirements for system maintenance. Documents in the system analysis, design, and implementation phases are an important basis for system maintenance. The content of system maintenance includes: ①Program maintenance. Including correcting procedures with errors, improving procedures, and increasing program functions. ②Data maintenance. Create a new document (or table), or modify the structure of an existing document (or table). ③Hardware maintenance. Including hardware maintenance, regular maintenance and troubleshooting. 1952
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