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CNS

Goods Yard

by:CNS     2021-07-07
Freight yard 2021-06-20 18:51:45 Freight yard is a production workshop where the railway freight station handles cargo transportation, storage, loading and unloading and delivery operations. It is also a place where railway cargo transportation is connected with other cargo transportation tools. Freight yard is the place where the production process of railway freight transportation starts, transits and ends. It has direct contact with various departments of the national economy and is the main link of railway freight transportation. Therefore, freight yards are generally set up at stations with large freight volumes, and there are also many types of freight yards. 1. According to the category of goods handled, it can be divided into comprehensive cargo yard and professional cargo yard. (1) Comprehensive cargo yards are places for handling various types of cargo operations. They are generally set up in railway hubs and at stations along the railway to serve industrial and mining enterprises in cities and towns at all levels. In order to facilitate management, a comprehensive cargo yard can be divided into a packaged cargo area, a container cargo area, a bulky cargo area, a bulk cargo area, and a bulk cargo area according to the type of goods, the volume of operations, and the nature of the operation. (2) Professional cargo yard refers to a place that handles a category of cargo operations, such as a cargo yard that specializes in dangerous goods, coal, timber, sand, grain, liquids, etc. 2. Classified according to the size of the freight, it can be divided into three types: large, medium and small. (1) Small freight yard: Small freight yards with annual cargo volume of less than 300,000 tons. The freight yards of intermediate stations are generally small freight yards. (2) Medium-sized freight yards: Medium-sized freight yards with an annual freight volume of 300,000 tons and above but less than 1 million tons. (3) Large freight yard: Large freight yards with an annual freight volume of 1 million tons and above. Such freight yards are generally located in freight stations in large and medium-sized cities and industrial areas, with a large volume of transportation. Specialized freight yards are difficult to divide according to freight volume. For example, specialized freight yards such as pure coal, timber, sand and stone are generally loaded and unloaded in whole or half trains. Although their annual freight volume reaches more than 100,000 tons per year, freight yard equipment and management All of them are relatively single, and the professional freight yards handling dangerous goods loading and unloading mostly have an annual transportation volume of less than 300,000 tons, but their categories are different, their nature is different, and their operating equipment and management are also more complicated.
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