3. Indian Ocean Route
The Indian Ocean routes are mainly petroleum routes, and many of them are transit transport of bulk cargo.
(1) Persian Gulf - Good Hope - Western Europe, North America Route
The route is mainly operated by supertankers and is the world's leading offshore oil transport route.
(2) Persian Gulf-Southeast Asia-Japan Route
The route runs eastward through the Strait of Malacca (200,000 tons of ships are feasible) or Longman, and the Strait of Kashi (200,000 tons of supertankers are feasible) is expected to reach Japan.
(3) Persian Gulf - Suez Canal - Mediterranean - Western Europe, North America
The route can currently operate supertankers with a capacity of 300,000 tons.
In addition to the above three oil routes, there are other Indian Ocean routes: Far East-Southeast Asia-East Africa routes; Far East-Southeast Asia, Mediterranean-Northwest Europe routes; Far East-Southeast Asia-Cape of Good Hope-West Africa, South America routes; Australia-New Zealand-Mediterranean-Northwest Europe routes; Northern Indian Ocean-Europe routes.
4. World Container Maritime Trunk Line
At present, the world's maritime container routes mainly include:
(1) Far East-North America route;
(2) North America-Europe, Mediterranean route;
(3) Europe, Mediterranean-Far East route;
(4) Far East-Australia route;
(5) Australia, New Zealand-North America routes;
(6) Europe, Mediterranean-West Africa, South Africa route.
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