01 09:38:00 breakbulk cargo, bulk cargo transport general TERMS: the general conditions for transportation: LINER TERMS, FIO, FI, FO, FLOST.
1, the TERMS of LINER LINER TERMS: the owner is responsible for the loading and unloading berth TERMS, also called a berth TERMS (
Or against the provisions (
Refers to the workers hired by the owner is responsible for loading and unloading, and is responsible for the payment of handling and stowage.
Specifically, in the port of loading, the lessee only responsible for transporting the goods to the dock, alongside, and under the ship hook, the owner is in the place where ships hook and receive the goods at the port of discharge, the owner is responsible for the delivery of the goods under the ship's hook, the lessee is to receive the goods under the ship's hook.
As for the division of costs is also completely to shall prevail.
In shipping practice, some people mistakenly believe that as long as the liner terms provided in the contract, these kinds of transportation you should completely in accordance with the conditions of liner shipping, actually otherwise.
So-called berth terms, only in charge of share issue to follow the practice of the liner, the expenses shall be borne by the shipowner loading and unloading, and not to the other rights and obligations.
2, regardless of whether or not the discharge FIO: FREE IN AND OUT of the owner regardless of outfit, regardless of unloading the lessor burden charge clause (
, also known as cabin, the terms of delivery.
Under this clause, the owner is only responsible for the cabin, goods, at both ends by the lessee, loading and unloading workers and costs of loading and unloading.
FI: (3, discharge tube
FREE IN LINER OUT of the owner tube no matter being loaded the lessor not bear the cost of loading terms (
Actually we usually used IN FILO is FREE & amp;
LINER OUT commonly known as the tube no matter being loaded & throughout;
The lessor does not bear the cost of loading conditions (
, also known as cabin receiving terms.
Under this clause, the shipowner at loading port only responsible for the cabin receiving and shipping fee shall be borne by the bear people, while in the costs of the port of discharge shall be borne by the shipowner.
4, pipe unloading is whether FO: (
LINER IN FREE OUT of the owner pipe unloading is regardless of the provisions IN the terms of delivery (also called hold
, in accordance with the terms and conditions, at loading port by the shipowner to pay shipping fee, in the port of discharge of the shipowner only responsible for delivery of goods, chamber and the unloading fee shall be borne by the lessee.
5, regardless of loading and unloading, stowage and trimming costs terms (
The lessor burden of loading and unloading, stowage and trimmed terms, also called hold, delivery and stowage fee terms.
The provision, in contrast to the berth terms completely, the owner is not responsible for all charges relating to the handling, all costs and related handling loading and unloading workers should be borne by the tenant, under this clause, binding fee and shipping bulk cargo is subject to the binding of material, should be borne by the lessee.
However, in order to avoid unnecessary disputes in the transport of bulk cargo, should be clearly stipulated in the contract binding & throughout;
The words, to indicate that the owner is not responsible for binding.
Similarly, if add dunnage after the above regulations & throughout;
The words, it shows that the lessor in addition to not responsible for the cost, also is not responsible for dunnage cost.
The owner is not responsible for handling and stowage, trimming.
PLT = FIOST: FREE IN AND OUT, STOWED AND TRIMMED, also known as cabin, delivery AND stowage fee terms.
The owner is not responsible for the handling of all fees, all loading and unloading workers and related handling charges should be borne by the lessee.
At present, domestic bulk cargo, bulk cargo berth terms often used in market,
The tubes of pipe unloading clause)
Regardless of loading, port of destination regardless of unloading clause)
No matter the handling and stowage trimmed)