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The relationship between container transportation

by:CNS     2021-07-03
The relationship of container transportation 2021-06-20 17:09:11 Container transportation is a complex system engineering, a combination of multiple links, multiple activities, and multiple departments. The completion of different forms of container transportation will involve different parties. Generally In terms of container transportation, the main parties involved are: non-vessel carriers, actual container carriers, container leasing companies, container yards and container freight stations. (1) NVOCC NVOCC specializes in the solicitation, loading and unpacking, inland transportation of container freight, and the operation of transfer stations or inland stations. They may or may not have the actual means of transportation. For the real cargo owner, he is the carrier, and for the actual carrier, he is also the shipper. Usually, the NVOCC should be subject to the legal restrictions of the country where it is located and be registered with the relevant government departments. (2) The actual carrier The actual carrier is the carrier who masters the means of transport and participates in container transportation. Usually there are a large number of containers to facilitate the turnover, allocation, management of containers and the connection of containers with vehicles, ships and machines. (3) Container leasing company Container leasing company is a new business specialized in container leasing and container leasing business. (4) Container Yard A container yard refers to a place where heavy or empty containers are loaded and unloaded, transshipped, stored, and handed over. (5) Container freight station The container freight station is the place where LCL cargo is handled. After it handles the handover, stowage and stowage of LCL cargo, it sends the boxes to the container yard (CY) and accepts the delivery of CY. “Export container” carries out unpacking, tally, and storage, and finally transfers it to the consignee. At the same time, it can also be entrusted by the carrier to seal the line and issue the station receipt. From the perspective of the overall system of container transportation, it can be divided again. Basically related parties, agents, and neutral parties. Basically related parties include shippers, consignees, inland transportation carriers, marine transportation carriers, ports, and freight stations. Based on these basic relationships, container transportation can be completed. Basic links. Due to the specialization of container cargo transportation, container transportation business processing is a very complicated and cumbersome operation. Therefore, the basic parties involved in container transportation often entrust certain professionals to handle related businesses, so container transportation agents appear. Agents Due to the different focus of the agency business, it can be divided into ship agent and freight forwarder. The Chinese party itself does not participate in the specific container transportation business, but as a government functional department to provide public services to various container transportation parties, such as customs, inspection and quarantine, etc. .
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