Overview of transportation 2021-06-20 21:35:08 1. Overview of transportation (1) Definition of transportation Transportation is the transportation and transportation of people and objects. This book specifically refers to the transportation and transportation of 'objectsThis includes a series of operations such as collection, distribution, handling, transfer, loading, unloading, and dispersing. It is an activity with the purpose of changing the spatial location of 'things' between different geographical areas (such as between two cities, two factories, or between two workshops that are far apart in a large enterprise). ”Perform spatial displacement. For most companies, Guangzhou logistics company believes that transportation usually represents the largest single item cost in logistics costs. Therefore, logistics managers need to have a good understanding of transportation issues. (2) The meaning of transportationTransportation is one of the necessary conditions for social material production and the foundation of the national economy. In the entire national economy, transportation is a prerequisite for accelerating social reproduction and promoting the continuous progress of social reproduction. It is also a connection between production and marketing. The link between urban and rural areas. Transportation is the continuation of the production process. Although this 'continuation' is based on the production process, the production process cannot be completed without it. This production activity of transportation is different from general production activities. It does not create new material products, does not increase the number of social products, does not endow products with new use values, but only changes their spatial location, but this change can make Production continues, so that social reproduction continues to advance, and it is a process of value appreciation. 1 Transportation is one of the main functions of logistics. Logistics is the physical movement of item entities. Transportation assumes the main task of changing the spatial state of items and is the main means to realize the spatial utility of logistics; transportation is combined with activities such as loading, unloading and handling. Successfully complete all tasks of changing the state of the space. With the backward transportation system, the market may be limited to the surrounding areas near the production site. With the improvement of the transportation system, the delivery cost of products shipped to the long-distance market is reduced, and the products of the delivery can compete with other products sold in the same market. Therefore, cheap and high-quality transportation can provide encouragement. The role of competition. It allows many products to enter the market, and even penetrate into the market that they could not enter. The Guangzhou-Fujian logistics line leads to the actual increase in sales. Foreign products also stabilize the prices of all similar products in the market. 2. Transportation is the main source of 'the third source of profit'. In the logistics process, it directly consumes living labor and materialized labor. The direct costs it pays mainly include transportation fees, storage fees, and losses in the logistics process. Among them, transportation Cost accounts for the largest proportion and is an important factor that affects logistics costs, especially when my country's transportation industry is still underdeveloped. General analysis and calculation of social logistics costs, transportation costs accounted for nearly 50% of which, some products shipping costs even higher than their production costs, therefore, cheap transportation also helps to reduce product prices. For example, crude oil can be obtained from domestic sources or imported in some countries. The Middle East is rich in oil resources and the production cost of oil is low. With the use of supertankers, oil can be shipped to markets around the world at a very low price. Even if there are local oil resources, the price of crude oil from abroad may be lower than that of local production. 3. Transportation can create 'place utility'. The meaning of place utility is: because the same kind of 'thing' has different space and place, the degree of realization of its use value is different, and the realization of its benefit is also different. The Guangzhou-Anhui logistics line maximizes the use value of 'things' due to the change of location, and maximizes its output-to-people ratio, which is called 'location utility'. Through transportation, the 'things' can be transported to the place where the utility of the place is the highest, and the potential of the 'things' can be exerted and the optimal allocation of resources can be realized. In this sense, it is equivalent to improving the use value of things through transportation.